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[] The Influence of Hispanic Culture on Diabetes

West Coast University, Miami
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
9 January 2018
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a one-year intervention with a low-carb and low-fat diet on BMI, weight loss, and glycemic control in Hispanic patients with type 2 diabetes. Low-fat participants were given the Mediterranean diet, while the low-carb participants were given the Atkin's diet. A total of 60 randomized participants were assigned to a low-carb or a low-fat diet where they had to monitor their sugar levels and carbohydrate or fat intake. Before the study took place, each participant received nutritional education and tools, such as glucose monitors and a journal, to help them monitor their progress throughout the year. Every three months, health professionals interviewed each participant in order to keep track of their progress. When acquiring the results, the glucose, BMI, and cholesterol levels were measured and compared. Glucose, BMI, cholesterol levels and weight loss significantly decreased. However, the Mediterranean diet had better results than the Atkin's diet. In conclusion, the low-fat Mediterranean diet had the most significant findings.

Keywords

diabetes, diet, low-carb, low-fat, BMI, glucose, cholesterol

Cite this article as

Gomez, M.; Cueto, M. The Influence of Hispanic Culture on Diabetes. In Proceedings of the MOL2NET, International Conference on Multidisciplinary Sciences, 15 January–15 December 2017; Sciforum Electronic Conference Series, Vol. 3, 2018 ; doi:10.3390/mol2net-03-05114

Presentation

Author biographies

Melanie Gomez
Nursing student at West Coast University, Miami
Melissa Cueto
Since obtaining her Master of Arts in English, Melissa Cueto has worked as an educator and writer/editor, both in the U.S. and abroad. Her experience in education includes teaching children, adolescents, and adults in reading, composition, literature, and English language acquisition as well as developing curriculum and presenting professional development seminars for fellow education professionals. She has also worked as a newspaper journalist and has written freelance articles for a number of online publications. Melissa Cueto is currently an instructor at West Coast University, Miami, FL, where she teaches English and Capstone courses.

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