Welcome from the Chairs
Welcome Address from the Chair of the e-Conference
Whither Energy Conversion? Present Trends, Current Problems and Realistic Future Solutions
This e-Conference on energies is another contribution by our Journal to the dissemination of knowledge in the field of energy sources, conversion, and final use. Let me first elaborate on its rationale and then provide some information about the possibilities that such a new form of knowledge dissemination offers.
The field of “Energy” is vast, and its importance is much stronger than claimed by some statisticians (according to which, since energy-related contribution to the GDP is—on a worldwide average—about 10%, this ought to be reflected in its relative ranking among the “strategic issues”). One does not need to be an expert in our field to see though that, quite on the contrary, the relevance of most energy-related topics for the survival of our species is immense and fundamental. What primary sources to tap and how, which conversion processes to adopt and how to combine them, how to improve the efficiency of the source-to-final use chain, how to correctly assess and mitigate the environmental impact, how to link an effective energy policy with a reasonably sustainable development, are all issues that impact not only the long-term survival of our species, but the “conservation”—as a life-harboring planet—of our Earth.
Thence the idea, proposed by our Editorial Office, to offer an international forum for discussion of all of the above topics. The goal is ambitious, and is that of publishing a collective compendium of assessments of the state of the art of current energy-related technologies and their known problems, to present original ideas as to the exploitation of novel sources or the better use of the existing ones.
The title we chose—after some internal debate—is indicative of the complexity of the task and of its importance, and conveys the idea that the issue is an open one and that future improvements can be attained only through careful study of the experience (including the failures!) of the past, the knowledge of the present… and some creative and educated engineering imagination!
We are looking for a response of the energy community commensurable with the importance of this goal and are sure that the e-Proceedings of the conference will constitute an important reference for the next generation of scholars, industrialists, and energy strategists.
The e-Conference is in fact a particular kind of Special Issue, in which manuscripts will be handled as if they were submitted to a physical conference: the topics are pre-selected, and only works relevant to the Conference Call will be considered for our review process. Published papers can thus be expected to be strongly related to each other, so that a complete view of each addressed issue will be presented to the readers.
In fact, articles will be enjoying the status of archival publications, within a Special Issue of Energies which, we hope, will be genuinely “special”!
I wish every success to this initiative and to all of the authors, reviewers and editors who will join us in this endeavor. On our part, we at Energies will spare no effort to make this e-Conference a long-lasting success.
Prof. Enrico Sciubba, Ph.D.
Chair of the 1st International e-Conference on Energies
Editor-in-Chief of the Journal Energies
Professor of Turbomachinery & Energy Systems,
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering,
University of Roma Sapienza, Roma, Italy
Dr. Enrico Sciubba (M.Eng. Roma 1972, Ph.D. Rutgers, NJ 1981) is Professor of Turbomachinery and of Energy Systems at the Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering of the University of Roma Sapienza. He has taught and/or is teaching courses on Turbomachinery, Thermo-fluid-dynamics of machines; Heat transfer; Turbulence; Energy Systems design; Energy Systems Diagnostics; Thermo-Economics & Sustainability—on these topics he is also active as a Lecturer at several international institutions. Dr. Sciubba has held industrial and academic positions in the US and Europe, was awarded two honorary Doctoral Degrees from foreign Universities, is the Faculty Coordinator for the ERASMUS exchange programs, and since 2009 is Director of the Summer School of Thermodynamics of Rome. He has authored or co-authored 4 books (2 in English) and over 200 scientific papers on exergy analysis, CFD-and Process simulation, and advanced turbomachinery design.
Professor Sciubba is an ASME Fellow, Editor-in-Chief of the Journal Energies, Co-Editor of the E3 Journal and Associate Editor for Energy, the International Journal of Thermodynamics, the International Journal of Energy Research, the International Journal of Exergy, the Sustainability Journal, the Journal of Environment, Energy and Ecology, and the Journal of Energy Resources Technologies.
For enquiries on this conference please contact us at [email protected]
Call for Papers
The conference will address research topics concerned with “present trends, current problems and realistic future solutions on energy conversion”, and it will include five topical sessions focusing on:
- Thermodynamic Fundamental Issues (Section A)
- Present Trends in Energy Conversion from Fossil Sources (Section B)
- Present Trends in Energy Conversion from Renewable Sources (Section C)
- Current Problems in Energy Conversion Technologies (Section D)
- Innovative Futuristic Solutions, Feasible Scenarios and Emerging Concepts (Section E)
The conference will be completely free of charge—both to attend, and for scholars to upload and present their latest work on the conference platform. There will be a possibility to submit selected papers to the journal Energies (ISSN 1996-1073; Impact Factor: 1.844 (2012) and 5-Year 2.087 (2012); www.mdpi.com/journal/energies).
ECE offers you the opportunity to participate in this international, scholarly conference without having the concern or expenditure of travel — all you need is your computer and access to the Internet. We would like to invite you to “attend” this conference by presenting your latest work.
For accepted abstracts, the full paper can be submitted by 28 February 2014. The conference itself will be held 14–31 March 2014.
We hope you will be able to join this exciting event and support us in making it a success.
The 1st International e-Conference on Energies is organized and sponsored by MDPI, the scholarly open access publisher (www.mdpi.com/).
Paper Submission Guidelines
Instructions for Authors
Submissions should be done by the authors online by registering with www.sciforum.net, and using the "New Submission" function once logged into system.
- Scholars interested in participating with the conference can submit their abstract (about 200-300 words covering the areas of manuscripts for the proceedings issue) online on this website until 16 January 2014.
- The Conference Committee will pre-evaluate, based on the submitted abstract, whether a contribution from the authors of the abstract will be welcome for the 1st International e-Conference on Energies.
All authors will be notified by 31 January 2014 about the acceptance of their abstract.
- If the abstract is accepted for this conference, the author is asked to submit his manuscript, optionally along with a PowerPoint and/or video presentation of his/her paper (only PDF), until the submission deadline of 28 February 2014.
- The manuscripts and presentations will be available on sciforum.net/conference/ece-1/page/call for discussion and rating during the time of the conference 14–30 March 2014.
- The Open Access Journal Energies will publish the proceedings of the conference as a Special Issue and accepted papers will be published in the proceedings of the conference. After the conference, the Conference Committee will select manuscripts that may be included for publication in this Special Issue.
Manuscripts for the proceedings issue must have the following organization:
- Full author names
- Affiliations (including full postal address) and authors' e-mail addresses
- Results and Discussion
Authors are encouraged to prepare a presentation in PowerPoint or similar software, to be displayed online along with the Manuscript. Slides, if available, will be displayed directly in the website using Sciforum.net's proprietary slides viewer. Slides can be prepared in exactly the same way as for any traditional conference where research results can be presented. Slides should be converted to the PDF format before submission so that our process can easily and automatically convert them for online displaying.
Besides their active participation within the forum, authors are also encouraged to submit video presentations. If you are interested in submitting, please contact the conference organizer – [email protected] to get to know more about the procedure. This is an unique way of presenting your paper and discuss it with peers from all over the world. Make a difference and join us for this project!
Submission: Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.sciforum.net/login by registering and logging in to this website.
- Accepted File Formats
- MS Word: Manuscript prepared in MS Word must be converted into a single file before submission. When preparing manuscripts in MS Word, the Electronic Conference on Energies Microsoft Word template file (see download below) must be used. Please do not insert any graphics (schemes, figures, etc.) into a movable frame which can superimpose the text and make the layout very difficult.
- LaTeX: ensure to send a copy of your manuscript as a PDF file also, if you decided to use LaTeX. When preparing manuscripts in LaTeX, please use the MDPI LaTeX template files.
- Paper Format: A4 paper format, the printing area is 17.5 cm x 26.2 cm. The margins should be 1.75 cm on each side of the paper (top, bottom, left, and right sides).
- Formatting / Style: The paper style of the Journal Energies should be followed. You may download the template file to prepare your paper. The full titles and the cited papers must be given. Reference numbers should be placed in square brackets [ ], and placed before the punctuation; for example  or [1-3], and all the references should be listed separately and as the last section at the end of the manuscript.
- Authors List and Affiliation Format: Authors' full first and last names must be given. Abbreviated middle name can be added. For papers written by various contributors a corresponding author must be designated. The PubMed/MEDLINE format is used for affiliations: complete street address information including city, zip code, state/province, country, and email address should be added. All authors who contributed significantly to the manuscript (including writing a section) should be listed on the first page of the manuscript, below the title of the article. Other parties, who provided only minor contributions, should be listed under Acknowledgments only. A minor contribution might be a discussion with the author, reading through the draft of the manuscript, or performing English corrections.
- Figures, Schemes and Tables: Authors are encouraged to prepare figures and schemes in color. Full color graphics will be published free of charge. Figure and schemes must be numbered (Figure 1, Scheme I, Figure 2, Scheme II, etc.) and a explanatory title must be added. Tables should be inserted into the main text, and numbers and titles for all tables supplied. All table columns should have an explanatory heading. Please supply legends for all figures, schemes and tables. The legends should be prepared as a separate paragraph of the main text and placed in the main text before a table, a figure or a scheme.
- Abstract/Table of Contents Graphic: Authors are encouraged to provide a graphical representation of the paper (in either JPEG, GIF, PNG or PDF format) to be used as a graphic of the paper, along with the abstract, on the Table of Contents. The graphic should not exceed 500 pixels width/height. As an example, authors may review the abstract graphic of following papers:
For further enquiries please contact us at [email protected].
It is the authors' responsibility to identify and declare any personal circumstances or interests that may be perceived as inappropriately influencing the representation or interpretation of clinical research. If there is no conflict, please state here "The authors declare no conflict of interest." This should be conveyed in a separate "Conflict of Interest" statement preceding the "Acknowledgments" and "References" sections at the end of the manuscript. Financial support for the study must be fully disclosed under "Acknowledgments" section. It is the authors' responsibility to identify and declare any personal circumstances or interests that may be perceived as inappropriately influencing the representation or interpretation of clinical research. If there is no conflict, please state here "The authors declare no conflict of interest." This should be conveyed in a separate "Conflict of Interest" statement preceding the "Acknowledgments" and "References" sections at the end of the manuscript. Financial support for the study must be fully disclosed under "Acknowledgments" section.
MDPI AG, the publisher of the Sciforum.net platform, is an open access publisher. We believe that authors should retain the copyright to their scholarly works. Hence, by submitting a Communication paper to this conference, you retain the copyright of your paper, but you grant MDPI AG the non-exclusive right to publish this paper online on the Sciforum.net platform. This means you can easily submit your paper to any scientific journal at a later stage and transfer the copyright to its publisher (if required by that publisher).
List of accepted submissions (33)
|Small-Scale ORC Energy Recovery System for Wasted Heat: Thermodynamic Feasibility Analysis and Preliminary Expander Design||Roberto Capata Claudia Toro||N/A||
|The paper analyses the thermodynamic feasibility of an innovative Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) recovery system. Among the many applications of this device, particular interest covers the application as bottoming systems for the exploitation of wasted heat from the exhaust gases of an ordinary ICE.The vehicle thermal source can be either a typical diesel engine (1400 cc) or a small gas turbine set (15-30 kW). The sensible heat recovered from the exhaust gases feeds the energy recovery system that can produce sufficient extra power to sustain the conditioning system and other auxiliaries. The concept is suitable for all types of thermally propelled vehicles, but it is studied here for automotive applications.The characteristics of the organic cycle-based recovery system are discussed, and a preliminary design of the main component, such as expander is presented. The main challenge are the imposed size and weight limitations that require a particular design. A possible system layout is analysed and the requirements for a prototypal application are investigated.|
|Strategic Analysis Adaptation Assessment: An Alternativeto the Economic Storyline Scenario||Susan Krumdieck||N/A||
|Scenarios of future trends are widely used by government and international agencies to inform decision-making. While story line scenarios may be useful for business or government thinking, they are not effective at informing engineering research, innovation and design, and add very little to the understanding of sustainability. This paper presents a strategic analysis approach to complex systems, which relies on identification of risks to important activities and wellbeing. This method mimics the actual processes of anthropogenic continuity, where people explore, experiment, learn from success and mistakes, and adapt and evolve. The method is applied to the case study of transportation fuel supply in New Zealand. Directions for immediate strategic engineering research and innovation are clear outcomes of the analysis.|
|Negative Triangularity Tokamak as Fusion Energy System||M. Kikuchi A. Fasoli T. Takizuka P. Diamond S. Medvedev X. Duan H. Zushi M. Furukawa Y. Kishimoto Y. Wu O. Sauter L. Villard S. Brunner G. Merlo G. Zheng K. Mishra M. Honda H. Urano M. Pueschel D. Told A. Fujisawa K. Nagasaki F. Sano||N/A||
|Fusion energy development is quite successful in both getting equivalent energy breakevencondition in large tokamak and clarifying many important physics in the magnetically confinedplasma to proceed to a fusion experimental reactor, ITER. Now, fusion research has to solvethe power handling toward fusion demonstration power reactor (DEMO). A tokamak plasma withstrongly negative triangularity may oer such an opportunity as an innovative concept. Experimentaland theoretical works at CRPP-EPFL shows promising results for negative triangularity tokamak. In this paper, we review the current understanding of such configuration in both physicaland technological aspects.|
|Demand Response on Pumping Systems of Tall Buildings with Real-time Pricing||Thang Pham Toan Nguyen Y Nguyen||N/A||
|Under market environments, electric customers are offered choices to manage and pay for their electricity usage corresponding to the wholesale market price; this can be referred to as demand response. This paper presents a framework for demand response of commercial buildings, particularly applies to the pumping systems of tall (high) buildings. The problem is to control the pumping systems in response to the market price to minimize the electricity charge. The idea is to utilize the water reservoirs on the top as energy storage devices to manage the electricity consumed by the pumping system from on-peak to off-peak hours, at the same time, maintains water level enough for the demand. The problem is formulated and solved by dynamic programming method. Then, it is tested in a case study assuming markets for real-time pricing.|
|Voila! A New Measure of Oil Vulnerability for Cities||Stacy Rendall Shannon Page Susan Krumdieck||N/A||
|Peak oil, and the ensuing global decline in oil supplies, will adversely affect automobile-dependent personal transport systems. This places users at risk if they are unable to access their activities without oil consumption.This research develops a quantitative spatial measure of oil vulnerability, combining spatial data of vehicle travel with a novel transport energy-accessibility metric, the Minimum Energy Transport Activity Access characterisation (METAA). The measure identifies vulnerable areas as those where greater amounts of oil are consumed for transport, and there is limited potential for adaptation to reduce oil dependence. Areas of lower vulnerability are those in which little oil is currently used or there is significant potential for transport adaptation.This new spatial tool allows planners to analyse where, how and why residents are vulnerable, and identify effective mitigation schemes to reduce the impacts of declining oil supply. The measure also enables categorisation of mitigation schemes, from areas where education programs will be sufficient to reduce vulnerability through to areas where long-term transport and land-use planning present the only viable solutions.The results for Christchurch, New Zealand, indicate that the majority of households are adaptable, although satellite communities and areas on the city fringe are increasingly vulnerable. The research has important implications for urban and transport planning.|
Chair of the 1st International e-Conference on Energies
Department of Mechanical Engineering (Rome, Italy)
University of Roma Sapienza
Editor-in-Chief of the Journal Energies
Scientific Advisory Committee
List of Keynotes & Videos
A. Thermodynamic Fundamental Issues
The papers in this session address any fundamental thermodynamic problems of energy conversion, at all scales. Classical and novel component- and cycle analysis, thermodynamic optimization—basic problems in the energy conversion pathways—are expected to be covered.This section is chaired by: Prof. Dr. Viorel Badescu, from Candida Oancea Institute, Polytechnic University of Bucharest and Romanian Academy, Bucharest, Romania and Prof. Dr. Richard A. Gaggioli, Emeritus Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Marquette University, USA
Dr. Viorel Badescu
Dr. Richard Gaggioli, Marquette University
B. Present Trends in Energy Conversion from Fossil Sources
The papers in this session are expected to provide a comprehensive view of the current state of affairs in the exploitation of fossil fuels (including nuclear). Supply, refining, environmentally friendly use and novel conversion and pollution abatement systems are expected to be covered.This section is chaired by: Prof. Dr. Abel Hernández-Guerrero, Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Guanajuato, Mexico Prof. Dr. Emanuela Colombo, Department of Energy, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Dr. Abel Hernandez-Guerrero
Dr. Emanuela Colombo
C. Present Trends in Energy Conversion from Renewable Sources
The papers in this session are expected to cover all aspects of the energy conversion from renewable sources, over the e-conferences. well-established ones (wind, hydraulic, solar) to the ones still at prototypal stage (OTEC, wave energy conversion, thermoelectric, etc.)This section is chaired by: Prof. Dr. Susan Krumdieck, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Canterbury, New Zealand Prof. Dr. Vittorio Verda, Department of Energy, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Dr. Susan Krumdieck
Dr. Vittorio Verda
D. Current Problems in Energy Conversion Technologies
This session will provide a review of the major problems currently known to affect energy conversion systems. Papers in this session are expected to have a highly technological content and to address specific issues on the performance, reliability, availability, maintenance and management of current energy conversion plants.This section is chaired by: Prof. Dr. Paul Stewart, Head of School of Engineering, University of Hull, United Kingdom Prof. Dr. Daniel Favrat, Industrial Energy Systems Laboratory, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland
Dr. Paul Stewart
Dr. Daniel Favrat
E. Innovative Futuristic Solutions, Feasible Scenarios and Emerging Concepts
This session is specifically devoted to “futuristic” proposals that are deemed to possess an acceptable degree of feasibility and may be considered viable for long-term implementation. Use of new material technologies, nanomaterials, novel conversion devices will be described and discussed, both in conceptual and engineering aspects. Papers proposing and/or addressing system-level solutions are also relevant to this session.This section is chaired by: Prof. Dr. Ugo Bardi, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy Prof. Dr. Hiroshi Sekimoto, Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan
Professor Ugo Bardi
Professor Hiroshi Sekimoto