Actually many diseases in neurodegeneration (Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, parkinson, and others) and in neurodevelopment (bipolar disorders, schizophrenia, fetal alcohol syndrom, and others) are strongly related to inflammation. In some diseases, as Alzheimer's disease (AD), a clear relationship between a special virus and AD has been detected. A virus is a DNA or RNA that proced from a cell. This cell can death by apoptosis or necrosis because a toxic action by the enviorament or by human actions. In this group we can discuss the genetic, molecular biology, the different proteins in the viruses and the diseases that they can produced in the nervous system.
Overview: Plants perceive the world without eyes, ears or brains. For this reason, their perception mechanisms have been too often overlooked. Being alive, they exhibit behaviour, mostly unknown and secrete to humans. Plants fight for territory, seek out food, evade predators and trap prey. They have a chemical language for communicating with other plants of the same or other species, and with fungi and animals too. Plants move slowly but with purpose, which means they are aware of what is going on around them. They are attracted by certain chemicals and sounds, while avoid others. Also, analogues for mechanoreceptors, photoreceptors and neurotransmitters have been found in plants. Understanding how can teach us a lot about them, and potentially a lot about us as well.
Proposal submitted by: Dr. Adriano Sofo, Department of European and Mediterranean Cultures: Architecture, Environment and Cultural Heritage (DiCEM), University of Basilicata, Via Lanera, 20, 75100 Matera, Italy
Studies indicate that an emerging threat faces our freshwater and marine ecosystems plastic pollution. Since plastics are cheap, versatile and strong and deliver significant societal benefits, it comes as no surprise that plastic production has increased exponentially since the 1960’s. If current practices continue as usual, by 2025 there could be 1 ton of plastic for every 3 tons of fish in the ocean. With the ability to persist for up to 4 centuries, plastic products are harming freshwater and marine ecosystems. We have to find the solutions to protect our planet.