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Improved functional performances of traditional artistic pottery by sol-gel nanoparticles deposition
Claudia Battistini, 1 Mirko Pucci, 2 Elisabetta Lottini, 1 Francesca Tana, 3 Enrico Berretti, 1 Stefano Mauro Martinuzzi, 1 Samuele Ciattini, 1 Brunetto Cortigiani, 1 Emanuele Galvanetto, 4 Luigi De Nardo, 5 Andrea Caneschi, 6 Stefano Caporali, 7 Matteo Mannini 8
1  Universita degli Studi di Firenze Polo Scientifico e Tecnologico, Sesto Fiorentino, Toscana, ITALY
2  Ceramiche Virginia srl, Firenze, ITALY
3  Chimica ed ingegneria dei Materiali, Politecnico di Milano Biblioteca delle Ingegnerie Bovisa, Milano, Lombardia, ITALY
4  Ingengeria Industriale, Universit√† di Firenze, Firenze, FI, ITALY
5  Chimica, Materiali e Ingegeneria Chimica 'G Natta', Politecnico di Milano, Via Mancinelli 7, Milano, 20131, ITALY
6  Department of Chemistry, Universita di Firenze, Sesto fiorentino, Firenze, ITALY
7  Chemistry Department, University of Florence, Sesto Fiorentino, Tuscany, ITALY
8  Dipartimento di Chimica "Ugo Schiff", Univ Paris 06, via della Lastruccia 3, Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Firenze, 50019, ITALY

Published: 20 November 2018 by IOP Publishing in Materials Research Express
IOP Publishing, Volume 6; 10.1088/2053-1591/aaee9f
Abstract: This work is focused on the realization of a new manufacturing process based on the introduction of TiO2 nanostructured coatings on the surface of red earthenware pottery for domestic use. The aim of the study is to improve the technical properties of the product made from lime and iron-rich clays used to produce traditional artistic Tuscan pottery (Italy). The identified strategy involves the application of nanoparticles onto the surface of ceramic substrates via a sol-gel based process; the initial porosity of the earthenware promotes the insertion of inert nanoparticles in the outermost part of the ceramic material by simple immersion of bisqueware in the colloidal solutions of nanoparticles. Morphological investigation of the functionalized surfaces has been carried out by scanning electron microscope and atomic force microscopy, while the effectiveness of the treatment was checked by evaluating the water absorption capacity in compliance with the standard method AS-1012.21-1999. The obtained results show a reduction of surface porosity, which turns into a reduced water uptake respect to the traditional pottery, maintaining, at the same time, identical aesthetical characteristics.
Keywords: porosity, Treatment, ceramic, functional, gel, traditional, nanostructured, pottery, artistic, earthenware
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