Changing Urban Form and Transport CO2 Emissions: An Empirical Analysis of Beijing, China
Published: 22 July 2014 by MDPI in Sustainability
MDPI, Volume 6; 10.3390/su6074558
Abstract: Decentralization development and changing urban form will increase the mobility and contribute to global CO₂ emissions, in particular for developing countries which are experiencing rapid economic growth and urban expansion. In this paper, an integrated analytical framework, which can quantify the impact of changing urban form on commuting CO₂ emissions, is presented. This framework simultaneously considers two emission dependent factors, commuting demand and modal share based on the concept of excess commuting and accessibility analysis, and ensures its applicability to other cities where the detailed individual travel data is not available. A case study of Beijing from 2000 to 2009 is used to illustrate this framework. The findings suggest that changing urban form in Beijing did have a significant impact on commuting CO₂ emission increase. Changing to a more decentralized urban form in Beijing had a larger impact on commuting distance and increased usage of cars, which resulted in a significant rise in CO₂ emissions. There is a larger space and an urgent need for commuting CO₂ emission reduction, in 2009 in Beijing, by planning and by strategic measures in order to promote sustainable transport.
Keywords: sustainable transport, Changing Urban Form, decentralization, accessibility, CO2 emissions, Excess Commuting, Modal Share