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Integration of Wind Energy, Hydrogen and Natural Gas Pipeline Systems to Meet Community and Transportation Energy Needs: A Parametric Study
Shahryar Garmsiri 1 , Marc A. Rosen 1 , Gordon Rymal Smith 2
1  Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, 2000 Simcoe St. North, Oshawa, ON L1H 7K4, Canada
2  Change Energy Services, 2070 Hadwen Road, Suite 101A, Mississauga, ON L5K 2C9, Canada

Published: 30 April 2014 by MDPI in Sustainability
MDPI, Volume 6; 10.3390/su6052506
Abstract: The potential benefits are examined of the “Power-to-Gas” (P2G) scheme to utilize excess wind power capacity by generating hydrogen (or potentially methane) for use in the natural gas distribution grid. A parametric analysis is used to determine the feasibility and size of systems producing hydrogen that would be injected into the natural gas grid. Specifically, wind farms located in southwestern Ontario, Canada are considered. Infrastructure requirements, wind farm size, pipeline capacity, geographical dispersion, hydrogen production rate, capital and operating costs are used as performance measures. The model takes into account the potential production rate of hydrogen and the rate that it can be injected into the local gas grid. “Straw man” systems are examined, centered on a wind farm size of 100 MW integrating a 16-MW capacity electrolysis system typically producing 4700 kg of hydrogen per day.
Keywords: Natural Gas, hydrogen, Community, Transportation, wind turbine, parametric study, wind farm, NG pipeline, straw man system
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