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France’s State of the Art Distributed Optical Fibre Sensors Qualified for the Monitoring of the French Underground Repository for High Level and Intermediate Level Long Lived Radioactive Wastes
Sylvie Delepine-Lesoille 1 , Sylvain Girard 2 , Marcel Landolt 1 , Johan Bertrand 1 , Isabelle Planes 1 , Aziz Boukenter 2 , Emmanuel Marin 2 , Georges Humbert 3 , Stéphanie Leparmentier 1 , Jean-Louis Auguste 3 , Youcef Ouerdane 2 , Nicole Jaffrezic-Renault, Gaelle Lissorgues
1  National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), F-92298 Chatenay-Malabry, France;(M.L.);(J.B.);(I.P.);(S.L.)
2  Laboratoire Hubert Curien CNRS UMR 5516, University of Lyon, F-42000 Saint-Etienne, France;(S.G.);(A.B.);(E.M.);(Y.O.)
3  XLIM Research Institute, UMR 7252 CNRS/University of Limoges, 123 Avenue Albert Thomas, F-87060 Limoges, France;(G.H.);(J.-L.A.)

Published: 13 June 2017 by MDPI in Sensors
MDPI, Volume 17; 10.3390/s17061377
Abstract: This paper presents the state of the art distributed sensing systems, based on optical fibres, developed and qualified for the French Cigéo project, the underground repository for high level and intermediate level long-lived radioactive wastes. Four main parameters, namely strain, temperature, radiation and hydrogen concentration are currently investigated by optical fibre sensors, as well as the tolerances of selected technologies to the unique constraints of the Cigéo’s severe environment. Using fluorine-doped silica optical fibre surrounded by a carbon layer and polyimide coating, it is possible to exploit its Raman, Brillouin and Rayleigh scattering signatures to achieve the distributed sensing of the temperature and the strain inside the repository cells of radioactive wastes. Regarding the dose measurement, promising solutions are proposed based on Radiation Induced Attenuation (RIA) responses of sensitive fibres such as the P-doped ones. While for hydrogen measurements, the potential of specialty optical fibres with Pd particles embedded in their silica matrix is currently studied for this gas monitoring through its impact on the fibre Brillouin signature evolution.
Keywords: optical fibres, optical fibre sensors, Raman, Brillouin, Rayleigh Scatterings, temperature, strain, Radiation effects, hydrogen
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