Phosphorylation of the MAPKKK Regulator Ste50p in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: a Casein Kinase I Phosphorylation Site Is Required for Proper Mating Function1
Published: 10 October 2003 by American Society for Microbiology in Eukaryotic Cell
American Society for Microbiology, Volume 2; 10.1128/EC.2.5.949-961.2003
Abstract: The Ste50 protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a regulator of the Ste11p protein kinase. Ste11p is a member of the MAP3K (or MEKK) family, which is conserved from yeast to mammals. Ste50p is involved in all the signaling pathways that require Ste11p function, yet little is known about the regulation of Ste50p itself. Here, we show that Ste50p is phosphorylated on multiple serine/threonine residues in vivo. Threonine 42 (T42) is phosphorylated both in vivo and in vitro, and the protein kinase responsible has been identified as casein kinase I. Replacement of T42 with alanine (T42A) compromises Ste50p function. This mutation abolishes the ability of overexpressed Ste50p to suppress either the mating defect of a ste20 ste50 deletion mutant or the mating defect of a strain with a Ste11p deleted from its sterile-alpha motif domain. Replacement of T42 with a phosphorylation-mimetic aspartic acid residue (T42D) permits wild-type function in all assays of Ste50p function. These results suggest that phosphorylation of T42 of Ste50p is required for proper signaling in the mating response. However, this phosphorylation does not seem to have a detectable role in modulating the high-osmolarity glycerol synthesis pathway.
Keywords: Glycerol, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Ste50p, phosphorylation, Function1, Casein kinase, Ste11p, mating, T42