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SUN: Paving Sustainable Nanoinnovation
Danail Hristozov 1 , Keld Alstrup Jensen 2 , Vicki Stone 3 , Janeck Scott-Fordsmand 4 , Bernd Nowack 5 , Anna Costa 6 , Teresa Fernandes 3 , Elena Semenzin 1 , Wendel Wohlleben 7 , Terry Wilkins 8 , Michael Steinfeld 9 , Antonio Marcomini 1 , Oliver Panzer 10 , Judith Friesl 11
1  Dept. Environmental sciences, Informatics and Statistics - Ca' Foscari University Venice, Italy
2  The Danish NanoSafety Centre, National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Denmark
3  School of Life Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK
4  Department of Bioscience - Terrestrial Ecology, Aarhus University, Denmark.
5  EMPA: Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Technology and Society Laboratory, Switzerland
6  Institute of Science and Technology for Ceramic Materials, National Research Institute, Faenza, Italy
7  BASF Aktiengesellschaft, Ludwigshafen, Germany
8  Nanomanufacturing Institute, University of Leeds, School of Process, Environmental & Materials Engineering, Leeds, UK
9  University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany
10  European Research Services GmbH, M√ľnster, Germany.
11  The REACH Centre Limited, Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, UK.

Published: 31 October 2014 by MDPI AG in The 4th World Sustainability Forum in The 4th World Sustainability Forum session Sustainable Engineering and Science
MDPI AG, 10.3390/wsf-4-d003
Abstract: Our understanding of the environmental and health risks from nanotechnologies is still limited, which may result in stagnation of nanoinnovation. This emphasizes the need for an integrative assessment and adaptive management of the long-term risks from manufactured nanomaterials (MN) along the entire supply chains of nano-enabled products towards developing more sustainable nanotechnologies. Sustainable nanotechnology is being touted as a holistic and pragmatic concept that can guide incremental nanotechnology development amidst significant data gaps and uncertainty. The new European SUN (Sustainable Nanotechnologies) project is based on the hypothesis that the current knowledge on environmental and health risks from MN, whilst limited, can nevertheless guide more sustainable nanomanufacturing. SUN applies an integrated approach that estimates risks along the complete lifecycles of nano-enabled products. It aims to give clear answers to questions from regulatory authorities, and open new possibilities for innovators to design greener nanotechnologies. This will be achieved through development and application of new methods and tools for prediction of long-term exposure, effects and risks for humans and ecosystems (services), practices for risk prevention and management and tools to streamline effective decision making about safer products and processes. In order to achieve this, SUN will combine Risk Assessment and Lifecycle Assessment to develop a user-friendly software-based Decision Support System (DSS) for practical use by industries and regulators. The industrial partners in SUN will validate the DSS against real case studies in terms of risk/benefit and insurance costs. This validation will culminate in guidelines for safe nanoscale product and process design.
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