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Evaluating the Thermal Pollution Caused by Wastewaters Discharged from a Chain of Coal-Fired Power Plants along a River
Marc A. Rosen 1 , Cornelia A. Bulucea, 2 Nikos E. Mastorakis, 3 Carmen A. Bulucea 4 , Andreea C. Jeles, 5 Constantin C. Brindusa 6
1  Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, ON L1H 7K4, Canada
2  Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Craiova, Craiova 200440, Romania
3  Industrial Engineering Department ,Technical University of Sofia, 8 Str. Kliment Ohridski Boulevard, Sofia 1756, Bulgaria
4  Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Craiova 200349, Romania
5  Department of Tourism and Public Food, Technical College of Arts and Crafts "Constantin Brancusi" of Craiova, Craiova 200135, Romania
6  Faculty of Engineering, University Constantin Brancusi of Targu Jiu, Targu Jiu 210135, Romania

Published: 13 May 2015 by MDPI in Sustainability
MDPI, Volume 7; 10.3390/su7055920
Abstract: Reliable and safe operation of a coal-fired power plant is strongly linked to freshwater resources, and environmental problems related to water sources and wastewater discharge are challenges for power station operation. In this study, an evaluation on the basis of a wastewater thermal pollution vector is reported for the environmental impact of residual water generated and discharged in the Jiu River during the operation of thermoelectric units of the Rovinari, Turceni and Craiova coal-fired power plants in Romania. Wastewater thermal pollutant vector Plane Projection is applied for assessing the water temperature evolution in the water flow lane created downstream of each power plant wastewater outlet channel. Simulation on the basis of an Electricity of France model, and testing validation of the results for thermoelectric units of 330 MW of these power plants are presented.
Keywords: thermal pollution, environmental impact, Coal-fired Power Plant, wastewater pollutant vector
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