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Matthias Finkbeiner published an article in January 2016.
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Department of Environmental Technology, Chair of Sustainable Engineering, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
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(2009 - 2016)
(2009 - 2016)
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Article 0 Reads 1 Citation Resource Efficiency Assessment—Comparing a Plug-In Hybrid with a Conventional Combustion Engine Published: 21 January 2016
Resources, doi: 10.3390/resources5010005
The strong economic growth in recent years has led to an intensive use of natural resources, which causes environmental stress as well as restrictions on the availability of resources. Therefore, a more efficient use of resources is necessary as an important contribution to sustainable development. The ESSENZ method presented in this article comprehensively assesses a product’s resource efficiency by going beyond existing approaches and considering the pollution of the environment as well as the physical and socio-economic availability of resources. This paper contains a short description of the ESSENZ methodology as well as a case study of the Mercedes-Benz C-Class (W 205)—comparing the conventional C 250 (petrol engine) with the C 350 e Plug-In Hybrid (electric motor and petrol engine). By applying the ESSENZ method it can be shown that the use of more and different materials for the Plug-In-Hybrid influences the dimensions physical and socio-economic availability significantly. However, for environmental impacts, especially climate change and summer smog, clear advantages of the C 350 e occur due to lower demand of fossil energy carriers. As shown within the case study, the when applying the ESSENZ method a comprehensive evaluation of the used materials and fossil energy carriers can be achieved.
Article 0 Reads 3 Citations EU Product Environmental Footprint—Mid-Term Review of the Pilot Phase Published: 18 January 2016
Sustainability, doi: 10.3390/su8010092
The ongoing pilot phase of the European Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) tests the PEF method and develops product category-specific rules (PEFCRs) for selected product categories. The goal of PEF is to address all relevant environmental impacts and the full life cycle of products is acknowledged. However, PEF faces several methodological and practical challenges. This paper presents key findings of a comprehensive analysis of the current status of the PEF pilot phase (mainly based on the evaluation of all draft PEFCRs). Remaining key challenges are: (1) the still open goal and policy outcome of the PEF process; (2) the difficult applicability and, thus, the unclear tangible added value of some PEF rules compared to current life cycle assessment (LCA) practice; (3) the insufficient maturity level of some predefined impact assessment methods and missing reliable methods for prioritizing impact categories; and (4) the fact that, in the worst case, the developed PEFCRs may not support a fair comparability of products. This “mid-term review” of the PEF pilot phase shows that the PEF method and the PEFCRs need to be further improved and refined for a successful policy implementation of PEF, but also for avoiding that unsolved issues of PEF affect the LCA method as such.
Article 0 Reads 1 Citation The Effect of Land Use on Availability of Japanese Freshwater Resources and Its Significance for Water Footprinting Published: 16 January 2016
Sustainability, doi: 10.3390/su8010086
All relevant effects on water must be assessed in water footprinting for identifying hotspots and managing the impacts of products, processes, and services throughout the life cycle. Although several studies have focused on physical water scarcity and degradation of water quality, the relevance of land use in water footprinting has not been widely addressed. Here, we aimed to verify the extent of land-use effect in the context of water footprinting. Intensity factors of land use regarding the loss of freshwater availability are modeled by calculating water balance at grid scale in Japan. A water footprint inventory and impacts related to land use are assessed by applying the developed intensity factors and comparing them with those related to water consumption and degradation. Artificial land use such as urban area results in the loss of many parts of available freshwater input by precipitation. When considering water footprint inventory, the dominance of land use is less than that of water consumption. However, the effect of land use is relevant to the assessment of water footprint impact by differentiating stress on water resources. The exclusion of land use effect underestimates the water footprint of goods produced in Japan by an average of around 37%.
Article 0 Reads 1 Citation Statistical analysis of empirical lifetime mileage data for automotive LCA Published: 07 January 2016
The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, doi: 10.1007/s11367-015-1020-6
BOOK-CHAPTER 0 Reads 0 Citations Introducing “Special Types of Life Cycle Assessment” Published: 01 January 2016
LCA Compendium – The Complete World of Life Cycle Assessment, doi: 10.1007/978-94-017-7610-3_1
BOOK-CHAPTER 0 Reads 0 Citations LCA Perspectives for Resource Efficiency Assessment Published: 01 January 2016
LCA Compendium – The Complete World of Life Cycle Assessment, doi: 10.1007/978-94-017-7610-3_5