Distribution of Articles published per year
Total number of journals
Article 0 Reads 18 Citations Printed circuit boards: A review on the perspective of sustainability Published: 01 December 2013
Journal of Environmental Management, doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.10.003
CONFERENCE-ARTICLE 6 Reads 0 Citations Sustainability in Design Education: Introduction of Life Cycle Assessment Published: 19 November 2013
The 3rd World Sustainability Forum, doi: 10.3390/wsf3-a009
The activity of industrial design is adding tools focused on sustainability to contribute to traditional design methodology. One such tool is the life cycle assessment (LCA) which are several software alternatives and different methods of analysis. The life cycle assessment plays a very important role to understand the best alternatives of selecting of materials and processes in a product. Confronting with consumer activity, with an estimated useful life of the product increasingly short, reflect on the selection of materials and processes appropriate to each project through the LCA provides a powerful tool to support the project, making it essential when talking about sustainability. In this manuscript intend to reflect on the material selection in product life cycle, exploring an analysis tool life cycle in two types of products with low technological complexity, "squeeze bottle" and "lamp". Through exercises in disciplines of sustainability in design courses show up different analyzes for the same type of product, reflecting on the choice of materials and processes these. It was used for the analysis of life cycle of assessment the software CES EduPack with Eco Audit Tool. Students become stimulated to study more stiffness the correct selection of materials in the design phase, covering all stages of the life cycle of these products, which allowed students to visualize more clearly the necessity to have a systemic view of the entire life cycle of this product. The results show the complexity and importance of proper selection of materials and processes for sustainability.
Article 0 Reads 6 Citations A review of the recycling of non-metallic fractions of printed circuit boards Published: 01 January 2013
SpringerPlus, doi: 10.1186/2193-1801-2-521
There is a big waste generation nowadays due to the growing demand for innovation and the fact that more and more products have a reduced lifetime, increasing the volume of dumps and landfills. Currently, one of the segments of large volume is the technology waste, which reflects on the printed circuit boards (PCBs) that are the basis of the electronics industry. This type of waste disposal is difficult, given that recycling is complex and expensive, because of the diversity of existing materials and components, and their difficult separation process. Regarding the material involved in PCBs, there are metal fractions (MFs) and non-metallic fractions (NMFs), of which the recycling of NMFs is one of the most important and difficult processes, because they amount to about 70% of the weight of the PCB’s waste. In the present paper, a literature review of the recycling of non-metallic fractions (NMFs) has been carried out, showing different studies and guidelines regarding this type of recycling, emphasizing that this type of waste still lacks for further application.