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William Shuster   Dr.  Senior Scientist or Principal Investigator 
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William Shuster published an article in January 2019.
Top co-authors See all
Ahjond S. Garmestani

101 shared publications

National Risk Management Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, USA

Audrey L. Mayer

64 shared publications

School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA

Heriberto Cabezas

48 shared publications

United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, 26 West Martin Luther King Drive, Cincinnati, OH 45268, USA

Steven G. Buchberger

46 shared publications

Professor, Environmental Engineering Program, Univ. of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0012

Mary M. Gardiner

39 shared publications

The Ohio State UniversityDepartment of Entomology Columbus OH

72
Publications
20
Reads
1
Download
549
Citations
Publication Record
Distribution of Articles published per year 
(2000 - 2019)
Total number of journals
published in
 
32
 
Publications See all
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Comparison of Measured and Simulated Urban Soil Hydrologic Properties L. A. Schifman, W. D. Shuster Published: 01 January 2019
Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, doi: 10.1061/(asce)he.1943-5584.0001684
DOI See at publisher website
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Realizing the opportunities of black carbon in urban soils: Implications for water quality management with green infrast... L.A. Schifman, A. Prues, K. Gilkey, W.D. Shuster Published: 01 December 2018
Science of The Total Environment, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.06.396
DOI See at publisher website
Article 2 Reads 3 Citations The Hydrologic Role of Urban Green Space in Mitigating Flooding (Luohe, China) Tian Bai, Audrey L. Mayer, William D. Shuster, Guohang Tian Published: 09 October 2018
Sustainability, doi: 10.3390/su10103584
DOI See at publisher website ABS Show/hide abstract
Even if urban catchments are adequately drained by sewer infrastructures, flooding hotspots develop where ongoing development and poor coordination among utilities conspire with land use and land cover, drainage, and rainfall. We combined spatially explicit land use/land cover data from Luohe City (central China) with soil hydrology (as measured, green space hydraulic conductivity), topography, and observed chronic flooding to analyze the relationships between spatial patterns in pervious surface and flooding. When compared to spatial–structural metrics of land use/cover where flooding was commonly observed, we found that some areas expected to remain dry (given soil and elevation characteristics) still experienced localized flooding, indicating hotspots with overwhelmed sewer infrastructure and a lack of pervious surfaces to effectively infiltrate and drain rainfall. Next, we used curve numbers to represent the composite hydrology of different land use/covers within both chronic flooding and dry (non-flooding) circles of 750 m diameter, and local design storms to determine the anticipated average proportion of runoff. We found that dry circles were more permeable (curve number (mean ± std. error) = 74 ± 2, n = 25) than wetter, flooded circles (curve number = 87 ± 1). Given design storm forcing (20, 50, 100 years’ recurrence interval, and maximum anticipated storm depths), dry points would produce runoff of 26 to 35 percent rainfall, and wet points of 52 to 61 percent of applied rainfall. However, we estimate by simulation that runoff reduction benefits would decline once infiltration-excess (Hortonian) runoff mechanisms activate for storms with precipitation rates in excess of an average of 21 mm/h, contingent on antecedent moisture conditions. Our spatial metrics indicate that larger amounts and patches of dispersed green space mitigate flooding risk, while aggregating buildings (roofs) and green space into larger, separate areas exacerbates risk.
Article 0 Reads 1 Citation Widespread loss of intermediate soil horizons in urban landscapes Dustin L. Herrmann, Laura A. Schifman, William D. Shuster Published: 11 June 2018
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1800305115
DOI See at publisher website PubMed View at PubMed ABS Show/hide abstract
As societies move toward nature-based infrastructure to provide ecosystem services for sustainable urban environmental management, knowledge of urban soils remains a critical gap. An 11-city comparison of urban to reference preurban soil profiles revealed how urbanization modifies the presence and ordering of soil layers and its properties. Urban soils had fewer horizons than their preurban counterparts, with a predominant absence of intermediate B horizons. The loss of B horizons, which are not easily replaced, as they form over decades to millennia, can affect ecosystem functions, with potentially wide-ranging consequences for ecosystem services in cities.
Article 0 Reads 1 Citation Agroecology for the Shrinking City Dustin L. Herrmann, Wen-Ching Chuang, Kirsten Schwarz, Timot... Published: 02 March 2018
Sustainability, doi: 10.3390/su10030675
DOI See at publisher website ABS Show/hide abstract
Many cities are experiencing long-term declines in population and economic activity. As a result, frameworks for urban sustainability need to address the unique challenges and opportunities of such shrinking cities. Shrinking, particularly in the U.S., has led to extensive vacant land. The abundance of vacant land reflects a loss of traditional urban amenities, economic opportunity, neighbors, businesses, and even basic city services and often occurs in neighborhoods with socially and economically vulnerable or underserved populations. However, vacant land also provides opportunities, including the space to invest in green infrastructure that can provide ecosystem services and support urban sustainability. Achieving desirable amenities that provide ecosystem services from vacant land is the central tenet of a recent urban sustainability framework termed ecology for the shrinking city. An agroecological approach could operationalize ecology for the shrinking city to both manage vacancy and address ecosystem service goals. Developing an agroecology in shrinking cities not only secures provisioning services that use an active and participatory approach of vacant land management but also transforms and enhances regulating and supporting services. The human and cultural dimensions of agroecology create the potential for social-ecological innovations that can support sustainable transformations in shrinking cities. Overall, the strength of agroecological principles guiding a green infrastructure strategy stems from its explicit focus on how individuals and communities can shape their environment at multiple scales to produce outcomes that reflect their social and cultural context. Specifically, the shaping of the environment provides a pathway for communities to build agency and manage for resilience in urban social-ecological systems. Agroecology for the shrinking city can support desirable transformations, but to be meaningful, we recognize that it must be part of a greater strategy that addresses larger systemic issues facing shrinking cities and their residents.
Article 4 Reads 8 Citations Situating Green Infrastructure in Context: A Framework for Adaptive Socio-Hydrology in Cities L. A. Schifman, D. L. Herrmann, W. D. Shuster, A. Ossola, A.... Published: 04 December 2017
Water Resources Research, doi: 10.1002/2017WR020926
DOI See at publisher website PubMed View at PubMed ABS Show/hide abstract
Management of urban hydrologic processes using green infrastructure (GI) has largely focused on stormwater management. Thus, design and implementation of GI usually rely on physical site characteristics and local rainfall patterns, and do not typically account for human or social dimensions. This traditional approach leads to highly centralized stormwater management in a disconnected urban landscape, and can deemphasize additional benefits that GI offers, such as increased property value, greenspace aesthetics, heat island amelioration, carbon sequestration, and habitat for biodiversity. We propose a Framework for Adaptive Socio-Hydrology (FrASH) in which GI planning and implementation moves from a purely hydrology-driven perspective to an integrated socio-hydrological approach. This allows for an iterative, multifaceted decision-making process that would enable a network of stakeholders to collaboratively set a dynamic, context-guided project plan for the installation of GI, rather than a ‘one-size-fits-all’ installation. We explain how different sectors (e.g., governance, non-governmental organizations, academia, and industry) can create a connected network of organizations that work towards a common goal. Through a graphical Chambered Nautilus model, FrASH is experimentally applied to contrasting GI case studies and shows that this multi-stakeholder, connected, de-centralized network with a co-evolving decision-making project plan results in enhanced multi-functionality, potentially allowing for the management of resilience in urban systems at multiple scales.
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