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William Shuster   Dr.  Senior Scientist or Principal Investigator 
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William Shuster published an article in October 2018.
Top co-authors See all
Urmila Diwekar

196 shared publications

Vishwamitra Research Institute, Center for Uncertain Systems, Tools for Optimization and Management (VRI-CUSTOM), 2714 Crystal Way, Crystal Lake, Illinois 60012, United States

Heriberto Cabezas

82 shared publications

Center for Process Systems Engineering and Sustainability; Peter Pazmany Catholic University, Szentkirályi utca 28; 1088 Budapest Hungary

Audrey L. Mayer

61 shared publications

Department of Social Sciences, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA;;; School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, 49931, USA

Mary Gardiner

36 shared publications

Department of Entomology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States

Joong Gwang Lee

34 shared publications

Center for Urban Green Infrastructure Engineering (CUGIE Inc), Cincinnati, OH 45255, USA

Publication Record
Distribution of Articles published per year 
(1999 - 2018)
Publications See all
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations The Hydrologic Role of Urban Green Space in Mitigating Flooding (Luohe, China) Tian Bai, Audrey L. Mayer, William D. Shuster, Guohang Tian Published: 09 October 2018
Sustainability, doi: 10.3390/su10103584
DOI See at publisher website
ABS Show/hide abstract
Even if urban catchments are adequately drained by sewer infrastructures, flooding hotspots develop where ongoing development and poor coordination among utilities conspire with land use and land cover, drainage, and rainfall. We combined spatially explicit land use/land cover data from Luohe City (central China) with soil hydrology (as measured, green space hydraulic conductivity), topography, and observed chronic flooding to analyze the relationships between spatial patterns in pervious surface and flooding. When compared to spatial–structural metrics of land use/cover where flooding was commonly observed, we found that some areas expected to remain dry (given soil and elevation characteristics) still experienced localized flooding, indicating hotspots with overwhelmed sewer infrastructure and a lack of pervious surfaces to effectively infiltrate and drain rainfall. Next, we used curve numbers to represent the composite hydrology of different land use/covers within both chronic flooding and dry (non-flooding) circles of 750 m diameter, and local design storms to determine the anticipated average proportion of runoff. We found that dry circles were more permeable (curve number (mean ± std. error) = 74 ± 2, n = 25) than wetter, flooded circles (curve number = 87 ± 1). Given design storm forcing (20, 50, 100 years’ recurrence interval, and maximum anticipated storm depths), dry points would produce runoff of 26 to 35 percent rainfall, and wet points of 52 to 61 percent of applied rainfall. However, we estimate by simulation that runoff reduction benefits would decline once infiltration-excess (Hortonian) runoff mechanisms activate for storms with precipitation rates in excess of an average of 21 mm/h, contingent on antecedent moisture conditions. Our spatial metrics indicate that larger amounts and patches of dispersed green space mitigate flooding risk, while aggregating buildings (roofs) and green space into larger, separate areas exacerbates risk.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Widespread loss of intermediate soil horizons in urban landscapes Dustin L. Herrmann, Laura A. Schifman, William D. Shuster Published: 11 June 2018
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1800305115
DOI See at publisher website
Article 0 Reads 1 Citation Modelling hydrological response to a fully-monitored urban bioretention cell Ryan D. Stewart, Joong Gwang Lee, William D. Shuster, Robert... Published: 06 December 2017
Hydrological Processes, doi: 10.1002/hyp.11386
DOI See at publisher website
Article 0 Reads 4 Citations Situating Green Infrastructure in Context: A Framework for Adaptive Socio-Hydrology in Cities L. A. Schifman, D. L. Herrmann, W. D. Shuster, A. Ossola, A.... Published: 01 December 2017
Water Resources Research, doi: 10.1002/2017wr020926
DOI See at publisher website
Article 2 Reads 2 Citations Managing Uncertainty in Runoff Estimation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency National Stormwater Calculator L.A. Schifman, M.E. Tryby, J. Berner, W.D. Shuster Published: 01 November 2017
JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, doi: 10.1111/1752-1688.12599
DOI See at publisher website
Article 0 Reads 3 Citations Factors Contributing to the Hydrologic Effectiveness of a Rain Garden Network (Cincinnati OH USA) William D. Shuster, Robert A. Darner, Laura A. Schifman, Dus... Published: 06 September 2017
Infrastructures, doi: 10.3390/infrastructures2030011
DOI See at publisher website
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Infiltrative rain gardens can add retention capacity to sewersheds, yet factors contributing to their capacity for detention and redistribution of stormwater runoff are dynamic and often unverified. Over a four-year period, we tracked whole-system water fluxes in a two-tier rain garden network and assessed near-surface hydrology and soil development across construction and operational phases. The monitoring data provided a quantitative basis for determining effectiveness of this stormwater control measure. Based on 233 monitored warm-season rainfall events, nearly half of total inflow volume was detained, with 90 percent of all events producing no flow to the combined sewer. For the events that did result in flow to the combined sewer system, the rain garden delayed flows for an average of 5.5 h. Multivariate analysis of hydrologic fluxes indicated that total event rainfall depth was a predominant hydrologic driver for network outflow during both phases, with average event intensity and daily evapotranspiration as additional, independent factors in regulating retention in the operational phase. Despite sediment loads that can clog the rooting zone, and overall lower-than-design infiltration rates, tradeoffs among soil profile development and hydrology apparently maintained relatively high overall retention effectiveness. Overall, our study identified factors relevant to regulation of retention capacity of a rain garden network. These factors may be generalizable, and guide improvement of new or existing rain garden designs.