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William Shuster   Dr.  Senior Scientist or Principal Investigator 
Timeline See timeline
William Shuster published an article in December 2018.
Top co-authors See all
Audrey L. Mayer

46 shared publications

School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA

Steven G. Buchberger

38 shared publications

Professor, Environmental Engineering Program, Univ. of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0012

Mary M. Gardiner

28 shared publications

The Ohio State University; Department of Entomology; Columbus OH

Ahjond S. Garmestani

26 shared publications

National Risk Management Research Laboratory

Heriberto Cabezas

18 shared publications

National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 26 W. Martin Luther King Drive, Cincinnati, Ohio 45268, United States

Publication Record
Distribution of Articles published per year 
(2000 - 2018)
Total number of journals
published in
Publications See all
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Realizing the opportunities of black carbon in urban soils: Implications for water quality management with green infrast... L.A. Schifman, A. Prues, K. Gilkey, W.D. Shuster Published: 01 December 2018
Science of The Total Environment, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.06.396
DOI See at publisher website
Article 1 Read 0 Citations The Hydrologic Role of Urban Green Space in Mitigating Flooding (Luohe, China) Tian Bai, Audrey L. Mayer, William D. Shuster, Guohang Tian Published: 09 October 2018
Sustainability, doi: 10.3390/su10103584
DOI See at publisher website ABS Show/hide abstract
Even if urban catchments are adequately drained by sewer infrastructures, flooding hotspots develop where ongoing development and poor coordination among utilities conspire with land use and land cover, drainage, and rainfall. We combined spatially explicit land use/land cover data from Luohe City (central China) with soil hydrology (as measured, green space hydraulic conductivity), topography, and observed chronic flooding to analyze the relationships between spatial patterns in pervious surface and flooding. When compared to spatial–structural metrics of land use/cover where flooding was commonly observed, we found that some areas expected to remain dry (given soil and elevation characteristics) still experienced localized flooding, indicating hotspots with overwhelmed sewer infrastructure and a lack of pervious surfaces to effectively infiltrate and drain rainfall. Next, we used curve numbers to represent the composite hydrology of different land use/covers within both chronic flooding and dry (non-flooding) circles of 750 m diameter, and local design storms to determine the anticipated average proportion of runoff. We found that dry circles were more permeable (curve number (mean ± std. error) = 74 ± 2, n = 25) than wetter, flooded circles (curve number = 87 ± 1). Given design storm forcing (20, 50, 100 years’ recurrence interval, and maximum anticipated storm depths), dry points would produce runoff of 26 to 35 percent rainfall, and wet points of 52 to 61 percent of applied rainfall. However, we estimate by simulation that runoff reduction benefits would decline once infiltration-excess (Hortonian) runoff mechanisms activate for storms with precipitation rates in excess of an average of 21 mm/h, contingent on antecedent moisture conditions. Our spatial metrics indicate that larger amounts and patches of dispersed green space mitigate flooding risk, while aggregating buildings (roofs) and green space into larger, separate areas exacerbates risk.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Widespread loss of intermediate soil horizons in urban landscapes Dustin L. Herrmann, Laura A. Schifman, William D. Shuster Published: 11 June 2018
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1800305115
DOI See at publisher website
Article 2 Reads 5 Citations Situating Green Infrastructure in Context: A Framework for Adaptive Socio-Hydrology in Cities L. A. Schifman, D. L. Herrmann, W. D. Shuster, A. Ossola, A.... Published: 04 December 2017
Water Resources Research, doi: 10.1002/2017wr020926
DOI See at publisher website
Article 3 Reads 3 Citations Managing Uncertainty in Runoff Estimation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency National Stormwater Calculator L.A. Schifman, M.E. Tryby, J. Berner, W.D. Shuster Published: 01 November 2017
JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, doi: 10.1111/1752-1688.12599
DOI See at publisher website
Article 0 Reads 3 Citations Factors Contributing to the Hydrologic Effectiveness of a Rain Garden Network (Cincinnati OH USA) William D. Shuster, Robert A. Darner, Laura A. Schifman, Dus... Published: 06 September 2017
Infrastructures, doi: 10.3390/infrastructures2030011
DOI See at publisher website ABS Show/hide abstract
Infiltrative rain gardens can add retention capacity to sewersheds, yet factors contributing to their capacity for detention and redistribution of stormwater runoff are dynamic and often unverified. Over a four-year period, we tracked whole-system water fluxes in a two-tier rain garden network and assessed near-surface hydrology and soil development across construction and operational phases. The monitoring data provided a quantitative basis for determining effectiveness of this stormwater control measure. Based on 233 monitored warm-season rainfall events, nearly half of total inflow volume was detained, with 90 percent of all events producing no flow to the combined sewer. For the events that did result in flow to the combined sewer system, the rain garden delayed flows for an average of 5.5 h. Multivariate analysis of hydrologic fluxes indicated that total event rainfall depth was a predominant hydrologic driver for network outflow during both phases, with average event intensity and daily evapotranspiration as additional, independent factors in regulating retention in the operational phase. Despite sediment loads that can clog the rooting zone, and overall lower-than-design infiltration rates, tradeoffs among soil profile development and hydrology apparently maintained relatively high overall retention effectiveness. Overall, our study identified factors relevant to regulation of retention capacity of a rain garden network. These factors may be generalizable, and guide improvement of new or existing rain garden designs.