Distribution of Articles published per year
Total number of journals
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Evaluation of Yield and Some of Physiological Indices of Potato Cultivars in Relation to Chemical, Biologic and Manure F... Published: 01 June 2018
Cercetari agronomice in Moldova, doi: 10.2478/cerce-2018-0016
In order to evaluate yield and some of physiological indices of potato cultivars in relation to different kinds of manures, strip plot layout within a randomized complete block design with three replications was used. Three levels of fertilizer were included manure (t/ha) (20, 40 and 60 t/ha), biologic fertilizer (ml/ha) (0, 100 and 200 ml/ha), and chemical fertilizer (kg/ha) (175, 350, and 525 kg/ha). Cultivars were Marfona, Maradona and Ramus. Marfona had obtained the maximum plant height, total dry matter, LAI, tuber yield, dry matter of tuber, the number of tuber and tuber weight. Application of 60 t/ha manure fertilizer together with Marfona produced the highest yield. In this experiment, fertilizer showed significant effects on potato cultivars yield and physiological indices. Marfona and Ramus had obtained the highest and the lowest total dry matter, respectively. The maximum LAI was related to application of 60 t/ha manure fertilizer, and the minimum one was obtained for application of 40 t/ha manure fertilizer. In cultivar treatments, the highest LAI was obtained for Marfona, followed by Maradona and Ramus. The maximum and the minimum crop growth rate (CGR) was related to chemical and biological fertilizer, respectively. The maximum CGR was related to Marfona, than those of other cultivars. There were not any significant differences among different fertilizers in net assimilation ratio (NAR), fertilizer levels and various cultivars. Thus, it can ve suggested that in order to increasing yield, total dry matter, crop growth rate and other physiological indices should be applied 60 t/ha manure fertilizer with Marfona cultivar in Fereydan region of Esfahan, Iran.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Impact of Bio-Fertilizer or Nutrient Solution on Spinach (Spinacea oleracea) Growth and Yield in Some Province Soils of ... Published: 01 June 2018
Cercetari agronomice in Moldova, doi: 10.2478/cerce-2018-0015
A study was conducted to assess the effects of a bio-fertilizer and an inorganic fertilizer on growth, yield of spinach vegetable, on four cultivated soils, representing different agro-ecological zones of Chengdu, Hunan, Xiaotangshan and Shaanxi. Three replicates soil samples mixed with bio-fertilizer 100 g per pot and nutrient solution (MgSO4, Ca(NO)2, KNO3) 633 ml based on container volume. Spinach seeded directly ten per pot, thinned to five watered to plant water requirement until maturity. RCBD of three replication used, data for growth, yield and other agronomic characters and soil physicochemical properties evaluated. Soil results showed substantial differences in physicochemical properties from the four agro-ecological zones (Ferrod Arenosol, Entisol, Aridisol and Vertisol). Plant emergence percent were Xiaotangshan (74.8%), Chengdu (74.5%), Hunan (72.4%) and Shaanxi (70.7%), plant height at six week, Xiaotangshan (17.8 cm), Hunan (17.1 cm), Shaanxi (16.8 cm) and Chengdu (16.1 cm) the least, number of leaves at six weeks were Xiaotangshan (21), Hunan (19) and (16) Shaanxi, leaf area Hunan (89.5 cm2), Shaanxi (83.7 cm2), Chengdu (79.4 cm2) and Xiaotangshan (78.1 cm2), dry biomass of 4.88, 4.35, 3.83 and 3.03 g obtained for Hunan, Chengdu, Shaanxi and Xiaotangshan, respectively. Percentage plant emergence based on soil layers were 0-25 cm (75.8%), 25-50 cm (75.3%), 50-75 cm (71.6%) and 75-100 cm (69.6%), respectively; highest plant emergence percentage were obtained from top soil layer of Hunan, treated with biofertilizer. Substantial differences were observed for plant height, biomass and other agronomic characters in all the soils. The results show that Hunan soil is the most suitable for cultivation of spinach under biofertilizer treatment, compared to other types. The study underpins the importance soil types and fertilizer evaluation for a sustainable vegetable production in China.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Changes in Germination and Seedling Growth of Different Cultivars of Cumin to Drought Stress Published: 01 January 2018
Cercetari agronomice in Moldova, doi: 10.2478/cerce-2018-0008
Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) is one the most appropriate choice for investing in dry and semi dry areas. In order to analyse influence of drought stress on germination and seedling growth of two masses of cumin, an experiment was conducted in seed technology laboratory of Faculty of Agriculture of Islamic Azad University of Isfahan, in 2016. In this experiment, polyethylene glycol (PEG 6000) at six levels (0, -0.144, -0.18, -0.216 and -0.288 MP) and NaCl at six levels (0, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 ds/m) and distilled water as control were applied to investigate the influence of dryness and salinity stresses on seed germination and seedling growth of two cultivars of cumin plant masses gathered from Mashhad-e-Ardahal and Kerman, then fulfilled in two separate factorial trials, on the basis of randomized design with four replications. Cultivar had significant influence on germination percentage, germination uniformity, radicle length, plumule length, fresh radicle weight, dry radicle weight, fresh and dry plumule weight. Drought stress impact on all treatments, except germination uniformity, fresh radicle weight and dry radicle weight was meaningful, but, just radicle length, plumule length, fresh plumule weight and dry plumule weight significantly affected by interaction between cultivar and drought stress. The rate of germination, germination percentage, as well as seedling growth and establishment were considerably lowered with the rise of stress levels using PEG. Control treatment had obtained the highest germination percentage, mean time of germination, radicle and plumule length, fresh plumule weight and seed stamina index. Taking all traits into account, this experiment found that Mashhad-e-Ardahal was most tolerant hybrid to water stress conditions.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Assessment of ET-HS Model for Estimating Crop Water Demand and Its Effects on Yield and Yield Components of Barley and W... Published: 01 December 2017
Cercetari agronomice in Moldova, doi: 10.1515/cerce-2017-0034
In order to estimate the water requirement of barley and wheat by using of ET-HS model, a research was conducted at Research Farm of Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Iran. ET-HS model is used to determine irrigation water quantity and irrigation schedule for different crop. The study was based on randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications and six treatments. The irrigation treatments included irrigation to supply 50, 75, 100, 125 and 150% of crop water demand on the basis of ET-HS model during growing season and control treatment (conventional irrigation), which was irrigation on the basis of 70 mm evaporation from Class A evaporation pan during growing season. In barley experiment, the highest values for number of fertile tiller, maximum LAI, total dry matter in maximum LAI stage, number of grain per spike, a thousand seed weight (35.56 g), grain yield (7877.9 kg/ha), biological yield (17689.7 kg/ha) and harvest index (44.45%) was obtained for irrigation according to 100% of crop water demand on the basis of ET-HS model. In wheat experiment, the highest number of fertile spike, number of grain per spike, 1000 grain weight, grain yield, biological yield was obtained for irrigation treatment on the basis of 100% ET-HS model; moreover, the maximum harvest index was related to control treatment, followed by irrigation on the basis of 100% of ET-HS model. Conclusively, the appropriate irrigation treatment was 100% of crop water demand on the basis of ET-HS model during the growth season for both crops.
Article 0 Reads 1 Citation Impact of Different Irrigation Managements on Soil Water Consumption, Grain Yield, Seed Protein, Phosphorus and Potassiu... Published: 01 September 2017
Cercetari agronomice in Moldova, doi: 10.1515/cerce-2017-0021
To evaluate soil water consumption, changes in quantity and quality of winter wheat seed and forage under different irrigation treatments, an experiment was conducted in Beijing, China, in the 2012-2013. Irrigation treatments were (I1): irrigation before sowing, (I2): irrigation before sowing + before freezing; (I3): irrigation before sowing + before freezing + irrigation in the beginning of erecting stage + irrigation at flowering stage; (I4): irrigation before sowing + irrigation before freezing + irrigation at the booting stage + irrigation at flowering stage. The laid out of experiment was randomized complete block design, repeated six times. The effect of irrigation on total biological yield, grain yield and harvest index is significant. The highest mean soil water consumption in Oct., Nov., Dec., Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr. and May was obtained for lysimeter 10 (I2), lysimeter 10 (I2), lysimeter 6 (I2), lysimeter 10 (I2), lysimeter 10 (I2), lysimeter 10 (I2), lysimeter 11 (I3), and lysimeter 10 (I2), respectively. The results from the study indicate that irrigation winter wheat throughout the booting stage and flowering stage increased grain yield, harvest index, potassium percentage, ash percentage of forage wheat at flowering stage, seed and forage protein percentage. Evapotranspiration trends increased steadily, especially in last three months, in which the lysimeter fields were covered by winter wheat completely.