Distribution of Articles published per year
(1970 - 2017)
(1970 - 2017)
Total number of journals
BOOK-CHAPTER 0 Reads 0 Citations Compounding Factors: Air Pollution and Climate Variability in Mexico City Published: 06 October 2017
Springer Climate, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-61346-8_22
In early 2016, Mexico City suffered from repeated severe episodes of high ozone concentrations. Tropospheric ozone is a secondary compound produced by precursors such as nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds. However, other conditions such as cloud coverage, solar radiation, humidity, wind speed, and temperature play a significant role on the rate at which ground-level ozone forms. During periods of low precipitation, that is, March through May 2016, Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) witnessed high concentrations of tropospheric ozone. We look at the correlation between the occurrence of El Niño events, meteorological conditions, and ground concentration of ozone. We also describe other features of MCMA that can contribute to explain this deterioration of air quality as well as discuss health and economic costs this may entail. We finally address some public policies that may help reduce low air quality in this and other metropolitan areas.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Universal social insurance for Mexico: Modeling of a financing scheme Published: 01 January 2016
Economic Modelling, doi: 10.1016/j.econmod.2015.10.020
Highlights•We study alternative tax reforms to finance universal social insurance (USI).•The reforms eliminate payroll taxes and increase the VAT or eliminate energy subsidies.•We use a dynamic CGE model for a developing country with formal and informal labor.•Results suggest that tax reforms raise enough revenue to finance USI.•Reforms lead to a better allocation of resources and higher welfare for all households. AbstractThe provision of social insurance (SI) for the population in many developing countries is typically uneven in terms of both coverage and financing sources. In particular, contributory SI financed through payroll taxes generally covers a wider range of services but it is only available to formal workers and their families. This paper examines the effects of introducing universal SI coverage in health, disability, and retirement for a typical, large developing country such as Mexico. Through the lens of a dynamic, computable general equilibrium model, we evaluate the economic effects of increasing the value added tax and/or eliminating subsidies to energy as alternative revenue sources for the provision of universal social insurance. Our results suggest that providing social insurance coverage for the entire population may, in this case, be feasible from a revenue point of view even when payroll taxes are eliminated. The model suggests that alternative sources for the financing of social insurance may also be efficient, and that the reallocation from energy subsidies to social insurance subsidies may be, in fact, a more sensible policy.
Article 0 Reads 4 Citations The economic value of fatal and non‐fatal occupational risks in Mexico City using actuarial‐ and perceived‐risk estimate... Published: 01 January 2006
Health Economics, doi: 10.1002/hec.1137
Compensating wage differentials are used to estimate marginal rates of substitution between income and both fatal and non‐fatal occupational‐injury risks in the Mexico City metropolitan area. Data are obtained by in‐person survey of almost 600 workers and include workers' perceived risks of fatal and non‐fatal occupational injury supplemented by actuarial‐risk estimates from government statistics. Results using both actuarial‐ and perceived‐risk estimates are reasonably consistent. Estimates of the value per statistical life are between US$235 000 and US$325 000 and estimates of the value per statistical non‐fatal injury are between US$3500 and US$11 000 (2002 US dollars). These values are much smaller than corresponding estimates for higher‐income countries but are compatible with the small number of prior estimates for lower‐income countries. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations The Economic Value of Reducing Fatal and Non-Fatal Occupational Risks in Mexico City using Actuarial- and Perceived-Risk... Published: 01 January 2005
SSRN Electronic Journal, doi: 10.2139/ssrn.648684
BOOK-CHAPTER 0 Reads 1 Citation Forces Driving Pollutant Emissions in the MCMA Published: 01 January 2002
Alliance for Global Sustainability Bookseries, doi: 10.1007/978-94-010-0454-1_3
Fifty years ago, the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) had fewer than three million inhabitants. In the year 2000, the population was six times larger, with over 18 million people. In terms of population, the MCMA is the second largest city in the world, exceeded only by the metropolitan area of Tokyo with 26 million inhabitants (World Bank, 2001). As the nation’s capital, Mexico City is home to the national political institutions, the greatest concentration of economic investments, and most of the country’s industrial and financial infrastructure.
OTHER 0 Reads 0 Citations Analyzing green growth: integrating models to assess green economy – methods and applications to Mexico
Handbook of Research methods and Applications in Environmental Studies, doi: 10.4337/9781783474646.00023