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Iskandar Abdullaev   Dr.  Senior Scientist or Principal Investigator 
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Iskandar Abdullaev published an article in August 2011.
Top co-authors See all
Christopher Conrad

18 shared publications

University of Würzburg

Bernhard Tischbein

11 shared publications

Center for Development Research (ZEF)

Ihtiyor Bobojonov

5 shared publications

Humboldt-Universität zu

Mirzahayot Ibrakhimov

4 shared publications

ZEF/UNESCO Khorezm Project

Usman Khalid Awan

3 shared publications

University of Agriculture

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(2011)
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BOOK-CHAPTER 0 Reads 5 Citations Water Management in Khorezm: Current Situation and Options for Improvement (Hydrological Perspective) Bernhard Tischbein, Usman Khalid Awan, Iskandar Abdullaev, I... Published: 23 August 2011
Cotton, Water, Salts and Soums, doi: 10.1007/978-94-007-1963-7_5
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The combination of hydrological research findings from field to regional level in the irrigated croplands of Khorezm, Uzbekistan, revealed that water availability at farm and field level fails to meet agricultural requirements in parts of the region, although water withdrawal from the Amudarya river is huge. In 2004 and 2005, the seasonal gross water input to a sub-unit of the Khorezm irrigation and drainage system – a hydro-unit investigated as a case study - constituted 2,630 mm and 2,810 mm, respectively, in which the share of pre-season leaching amounted to 700 mm each year. These findings correspond well with the 2,240 mm water input monitored in the vege­tation period of 2005 at Khorezm-wide level. Reduction of actual evapotranspiration (ET) was observed in the range of 5–10% at sub-unit level, more than 25% in tail-end locations in Water Users Associations and 30–40% in single fields. Technical overall irrigation efficiency in the vegetation periods 2004 and 2005 averaged 27.5% in the sub-unit and 26% for whole Khorezm. These low efficiencies in the sub-unit are plausible as also drainage water output reaches high shares, with 62% and 67% of the irrigation water input in 2004 and 2005, respectively. On the other hand, the local practice of allowing for shallow groundwater tables that feed the crop in a system of ‘furrow and sub-irrigation via capillary rise’ raises the de-facto efficiency to 38%, but entails the well-known (Section “Regional level of Khorezm”) salinity problems of the region. The depleted fraction - the ratio between actual evapotranspiration and the sum of water inflow via irrigation and rainfall - in the peak irrigation season 2005 was around 0.3 at Khorezm level. With groundwater tables above 1.4 m and moderately saline groundwater, approx. 65–70% of the irrigated areas are at risk of waterlogging and salinization in April and July each year (major leaching and cropping periods, respectively). The dysfunctional drainage system, together with excessive leaching at field level and huge water losses from the irrigation ­(conveyance and distribution) network are major reasons for the observed shallow groundwater in the region.