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Maria Muñoz     Other 
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Maria Muñoz published an article in October 2018.
Top co-authors See all
Andreas Reul

38 shared publications

Andalucía Tech, Departamento de Ecología y Geología, Universidad de Málaga, Campus de Teatinos s/n, 29071 Málaga, Spain

S Arijo

21 shared publications

Department of Microbiology; Faculty of Sciences; University of Málaga; Málaga Spain

M. Vargas-Yáñez

14 shared publications

Instituto Español de Oceanografía. Centro Oceanográfico de Málaga. Puerto pesquero de Fuengirola. 29640, Fuengirola (Málaga), Spain

F. Plaza

6 shared publications

Hospital de León

Francina Moya

5 shared publications

Instituto Español de Oceanografía, C.O. Málaga., Puerto Pesquero s/n, Fuengirola, 29640 Málaga, Spain

Publication Record
Distribution of Articles published per year 
(2015 - 2018)
Total number of journals
published in
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations A spatial risk approach towards integrated marine spatial planning: A case study on European hake nursery areas in the N... M. Muñoz, A. Reul, L. Gil De Sola, R.A.M. Lauerburg, O. Tell... Published: 16 October 2018
Marine Environmental Research, doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2018.10.008
DOI See at publisher website PubMed View at PubMed
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Oceanographic and Bathymetric Features as the Target for Pelagic MPA Design: A Case Study on the Cape of Gata María Muñoz, Andreas Reul, María Del Carmen García-Martínez,... Published: 09 October 2018
Water, doi: 10.3390/w10101403
DOI See at publisher website ABS Show/hide abstract
The Cape of Gata region (southeast Spain) allocates the thermo-haline Almeria–Oran front (AOF), which separates two biogeographical zones, with a very irregular bathymetry, consisting of two canyons and seamounts in an area of 100 × 100 km. An interdisciplinary oceanographic sampling strategy allowed us to solve mesoscale processes including current–bathymetry interactions. Subsurface fertilizing processes and elevated chlorophyll a concentrations were found at the front, seamount, and submarine canyons, turning an apparently oligotrophic area into a rich one. According to a horizontal tracking simulation, the deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM) at the front is located above the pycnocline and travels fast offshore, transporting productivity from the fertilization process quickly from the region. The DCM at the seamount, in contrast, develops below the pycnocline and remains for almost three weeks in this area. In spite of the coastal marine protected areas (MPAs), a high surface nitrate concentration plume with its origin in a small coastal area without any protection was detected. Local circulation patterns and bathymetry–current interactions provide elevated productivity in surface water which is vertically connected to deep-sea fauna via the daily vertical migration of zooplankton, suggesting elevated biodiversity on the seamount and canyons of the area studied. Based on these results, and considering the presence of coastal MPAs and a Coastal Area Management Program, future studies on benthic fauna, an enlargement of coastal MPAs, and a transboundary land–deep-sea management program are suggested.
Article 6 Reads 0 Citations How Efficient Are Semi-Natural Ponds in Assimilating Wastewater Effluents? Application to Fuente de Piedra Ramsar, Medit... Jesús De-Los-Ríos-Mérida, Andreas Reul, María Muñoz, Salvado... Published: 12 August 2017
Water, doi: 10.3390/w9080600
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This work concerns the case study of a Mediterranean Ramsar salt lake (Fuente de Piedra, southern Spain) that receives the treated wastewater of the local village treatment plant. The wastewater goes through a system of canals, water dams, and three semi-natural ponds that were built in 2005. This work aims to investigate the capacity of the system to assimilate the impact of wastewater effluents on Lake Fuente de Piedra. For this, four points were sampled on 27–29 April 2016, at the inlet and the outlet points of the first and the third semi-natural ponds, with three replicates each. Temperature, pH, and conductivity at the inlet were 19.62 °C, 7.99, and 3262.67 μS/cm, respectively, and increased through the pond system by 7.59%, 8.04%, and 37.34%, respectively. Phytoplankton concentration indicators decreased from the inlet point to the outlet point (chlorophyll a from >500 to 5 × 1010 to 4.3 × 109 μm3/mL). Zooplankton biovolume, in contrast, increased three orders of magnitude from the inlet (3.5 × 107 μm3/mL) to the outlet point (1.6 × 109 μm3/mL). Heterotrophic bacteria (1.29 × 105 cfu/mL) and faecal enterococci (1033 ± 351 cfu/100 mL) were high at the inlet point, but decreased at the outlet point by almost three orders of magnitude. Total phosphorous and total nitrogen decreased 40.3% and 23.1% through the pond system. The results showed an improvement in water quality in its passage through the built system. Additionally, as permanent wetlands with acceptable water quality, the water system attracts wild fauna during the dry summer, leading to the conclusion that these semi-natural or artificial wetlands should be extrapolated to other aquatic ecosystems (Mediterranean wetlands) that receive contributions of residual waters. Better functioning of the treatment plant is desirable to improve the conservation of the Ramsar and adjacent wetlands systems.
Article 0 Reads 1 Citation Fertilization and connectivity in the Garrucha Canyon (SE-Spain) implications for Marine Spatial Planning M. Muñoz, Andreas Reul, Manuel Vargas-Yáñez, F. Plaza, B. Ba... Published: 01 May 2017
Marine Environmental Research, doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2017.02.007
DOI See at publisher website PubMed View at PubMed
CONFERENCE-ARTICLE 9 Reads 0 Citations Wastewater assimilation by semi-natural wetlands next to the RAMSAR area of Fuente de Piedra (southern Spain) Jesús De los Ríos Mérida, Andreas Reul, María Muñoz, Salvado... Published: 22 November 2016
Proceedings of The 1st International Electronic Conference on Water Sciences, doi: 10.3390/ecws-1-b002
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Urban wastewater treatment is one of the most important challenges in villages of southern Spain. This is especially outstanding in arid and semiarid regions in which wastewater are discharged to temporary streams or wetlands. The treatment plant of the Fuente de Piedra village discharges its wastewater, passing previously through four semi-natural wetlands, into Fuente de Piedra Lake, a RAMSAR wetland. In summer 2016, a very dry year, water affluent to Fuente de Piedra was limited to wastewater plant effluents without dilution. In order to study the natural assimilation capacity of the wetland system, four key points were sampled. Physico-chemical and biological indicators were analyzed (temperature, pH, conductivity, total phosphorous, total nitrogen, bacteria, phytoplankton and zooplankton). The results show very high chlorophyll a concentration (>500 mg/l) at the water inlet, which decreased to concentration lower than <20 mg/l before discharging into the RAMSAR wetland. Zooplankton, dominated by cladocerans (Daphnia sp.),was lowest in the inlet wetland and highest in the last wetland. Total nitrogen and phosphorus concentration was (14 mg/l and 5mg/l respectively) at the wastewater inlet point and decreased in the first wetland (7 mg/l and 2mg/l respectively). Fecal streptococci was highest at the inlet point (1033 ± 351 ufc/100 mL) and decreased to 1 ± 1 ufc/100 mL before entering in the RAMSAR wetland. In conclusion, during the wetlands circuit (i) phytoplankton reduce the total phosphorous and nitrogen concentration, (ii) then phytoplankton is controlled by zooplankton decreasing drastically the input of nutrient and biomass into the RAMSAR wetland, (iii) fecal bacteria decreases three orders of magnitude. Thus, the negative impact from wastewater treatment plant is reduced. The waterbirds, one of the major tourists attractive of this wetland, benefit from food and water supply in dry years, guaranteeing the possibility of bird watching during high season.

Article 2 Reads 2 Citations Implication of regionalization and connectivity analysis for marine spatial planning and coastal management in the Gulf ... M. Muñoz, Andreas Reul, F. Plaza, M.-L. Gómez-Moreno, M. Var... Published: 01 December 2015
Ocean & Coastal Management, doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2015.04.011
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