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Esther Wangari   Professor  University Lecturer 
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Esther Wangari published an article in November 2013.
Top co-authors
Jody Emel

7 shared publications

Graduate School of Geography, Clark University, Worcester, MA, USA

Madoshi H. Makene

3 shared publications

National Environmental Management Council, Regent Estate Plot No. 29/30, P.O. Box 63154, Dar es Salaam 35091, Tanzania

Lindsay Hughes

1 shared publications

Publication Record
Distribution of Articles published per year 

Total number of journals
published in
CONFERENCE-ARTICLE 7 Reads 0 Citations The Centrality of Sustainable Well-Being of Humans in Sustainable Development Lindsay Hughes, Esther Wangari Published: 01 November 2013
Proceedings of The 3rd World Sustainability Forum, doi: 10.3390/wsf3-f005
DOI See at publisher website ABS Show/hide abstract
Development agencies and international policy-makers, such as USAID, the World Bank, and UNAIDS, have shifted their focus in recent years toward health and development initiatives that prioritize local capacity strengthening, in-country ownership of activism and infrastructure, and a move toward systems that will be sustainable once international funding is gone. This shift has corresponded with much of the criticism heard in literature from development and post-development theory. Recent guidance, such as the Millennium Development Goals and PEPFAR II, has underlined a focus on gender and empowering women and girls. However, these interventions frequently fail to address structural constraints that limit the achievement of actual sustainability. This paper will address the problematic nature of using women as instruments of empowerment in these scenarios, whereby structures of disempowerment are not addressed but rather women are discursively and superficially given power while not being provided with tools to achieve upward mobility. These ideas and ideologies cannot not be achieved without first addressing issues that are vital to poverty and oppression, especially the relationship between gender and power, including the issue of cathexis (or personal and emotional investment in a relationship or an idea), access to information, transportation to school and medical facilities, and an attempt to sustainably address gender dynamics, racial, and class issues. The paper will demonstrate that until these concrete barriers are tackled to achieve sustainable well-being of all humans, sustainable development will not be possible.
Article 0 Reads 7 Citations Problems with Reporting and Evaluating Mining Industry Community Development Projects: A Case Study from Tanzania Jody Emel, Madoshi H. Makene, Esther Wangari Published: 20 February 2012
Sustainability, doi: 10.3390/su4020257
DOI See at publisher website ABS Show/hide abstract
Reporting on contributions to community development is one way gold mining companies communicate the expanse and depth of their commitment to social responsibility. These projects are intended to provide the mine-proximate communities with some of the wealth and other benefits generated by mine development in their locales. We raise questions about reporting and evaluation of community development projects undertaken by AngloGold Ashanti in the two communities of Nyakabale and Nyamalembo, near its Geita mining projects in the Lake Victoria goldfields of Tanzania. We use archival data and data obtained from field research conducted during different periods throughout 2005, 2007 and 2010 to compare what the company reports to have done with what is found on the ground. Our findings revealed that the corporate reporting is misleading, ambiguous, and omissive. Much of the effort labeled “community development” benefited the companies directly via infrastructure development, food supplies to the mine cafeteria, and worker health. We argue that, if Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) projects are to be the primary way local people directly benefit from mine development, the relationship between the value of those projects and the wealth taken from the location should be considered, community projects should be well defined and differentiated from company-oriented projects, and community representatives should participate in monitoring the success and impact of community development projects.