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Andrew Whitmore   Professor  Senior Scientist or Principal Investigator 
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Andrew Whitmore published an article in March 2019.
Top co-authors See all
William Sutherland

445 shared publications

Conservation Science GroupDepartment of ZoologyUniversity of Cambridge Cambridge UK

Robert P. Freckleton

169 shared publications

Department of Animal and Plant Sciences University of Sheffield Sheffield South Yorkshire S10 2TN UK

Tim G. Benton

144 shared publications

School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK

Keith W. T. Goulding

124 shared publications

Sustainable Agriculture Sciences, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, UK

John N. Quinton

113 shared publications

Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster, Lancashire, UK

110
Publications
27
Reads
0
Downloads
698
Citations
Publication Record
Distribution of Articles published per year 
(1986 - 2019)
Total number of journals
published in
 
29
 
Publications See all
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Author Correction: The environmental costs and benefits of high-yield farming Andrew Balmford, Tatsuya Amano, Harriet Bartlett, Dave Chadw... Published: 26 March 2019
Nature Sustainability, doi: 10.1038/s41893-019-0265-7
DOI See at publisher website
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Exploring Future Food Provision Scenarios for China Lin Ma, Zhaohai Bai, Wenqi Ma, Mengchu Guo, Rongfeng Jiang, ... Published: 04 January 2019
Environmental Science & Technology, doi: 10.1021/acs.est.8b04375
DOI See at publisher website
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Sustainable development goal 2: Improved targets and indicators for agriculture and food security. Juliana Dias Bernardes Gil, Pytrik Reidsma, Ken Giller, Lind... Published: 28 September 2018
Ambio, doi: 10.1007/s13280-018-1101-4
DOI See at publisher website PubMed View at PubMed ABS Show/hide abstract
The pursuit of global food security and agricultural sustainability, the dual aim of the second sustainable development goal (SDG-2), requires urgent and concerted action from developing and developed countries. This, in turn, depends on clear and universally applicable targets and indicators which are partially lacking. The novel and complex nature of the SDGs poses further challenges to their implementation on the ground, especially in the face of interlinkages across SDG objectives and scales. Here we review the existing SDG-2 indicators, propose improvements to facilitate their operationalization, and illustrate their practical implementation in Nigeria, Brazil and the Netherlands. This exercise provides insights into the concrete actions needed to achieve SDG-2 across contrasting development contexts and highlights the challenges of addressing the links between targets and indicators within and beyond SDG-2. Ultimately, it underscores the need for integrated policies and reveals opportunities to leverage the fulfillment of SDG-2 worldwide.
Article 0 Reads 4 Citations The environmental costs and benefits of high-yield farming Andrew Balmford, Tatsuya Amano, Harriet Bartlett, Dave Chadw... Published: 14 September 2018
Nature Sustainability, doi: 10.1038/s41893-018-0138-5
DOI See at publisher website
Article 1 Read 1 Citation Impact of two centuries of intensive agriculture on soil carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus cycling in the UK Shibu E. Muhammed, Kevin Coleman, Lianhai Wu, Victoria A. Be... Published: 01 September 2018
Science of The Total Environment, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.03.378
DOI See at publisher website PubMed View at PubMed ABS Show/hide abstract
This paper describes an agricultural model (Roth-CNP) that estimates carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) pools, pool changes, their balance and the nutrient fluxes exported from arable and grassland systems in the UK during 1800–2010. The Roth-CNP model was developed as part of an Integrated Model (IM) to simulate C, N and P cycling for the whole of UK, by loosely coupling terrestrial, hydrological and hydro-chemical models. The model was calibrated and tested using long term experiment (LTE) data from Broadbalk (1843) and Park Grass (1856) at Rothamsted. We estimated C, N and P balance and their fluxes exported from arable and grassland systems on a 5 km × 5 km grid across the whole of UK by using the area of arable of crops and livestock numbers in each grid and their management. The model estimated crop and grass yields, soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks and nutrient fluxes in the form of NH4-N, NO3-N and PO4-P. The simulated crop yields were compared to that reported by national agricultural statistics for the historical to the current period. Overall, arable land in the UK have lost SOC by −0.18, −0.25 and −0.08 Mg C ha−1 y−1 whereas land under improved grassland SOC stock has increased by 0.20, 0.47 and 0.24 Mg C ha−1 y−1 during 1800–1950, 1950–1970 and 1970–2010 simulated in this study. Simulated N loss (by leaching, runoff, soil erosion and denitrification) increased both under arable (−15, −18 and −53 kg N ha−1 y−1) and grass (−18, −22 and −36 kg N ha−1 y−1) during different time periods. Simulated P surplus increased from 2.6, 10.8 and 18.1 kg P ha−1 y−1 under arable and 2.8, 11.3 and 3.6 kg P ha−1 y−1 under grass lands 1800–1950, 1950–1970 and 1970–2010.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Evidence for functional state transitions in intensively-managed soil ecosystems L. C. Todman, F. C. Fraser, R. Corstanje, J. A. Harris, M. P... Published: 01 August 2018
Scientific Reports, doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-29925-2
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Soils are fundamental to terrestrial ecosystem functioning and food security, thus their resilience to disturbances is critical. Furthermore, they provide effective models of complex natural systems to explore resilience concepts over experimentally-tractable short timescales. We studied soils derived from experimental plots with different land-use histories of long-term grass, arable and fallow to determine whether regimes of extreme drying and re-wetting would tip the systems into alternative stable states, contingent on their historical management. Prior to disturbance, grass and arable soils produced similar respiration responses when processing an introduced complex carbon substrate. A distinct respiration response from fallow soil here indicated a different prior functional state. Initial dry:wet disturbances reduced the respiration in all soils, suggesting that the microbial community was perturbed such that its function was impaired. After 12 drying and rewetting cycles, despite the extreme disturbance regime, soil from the grass plots, and those that had recently been grass, adapted and returned to their prior functional state. Arable soils were less resilient and shifted towards a functional state more similar to that of the fallow soil. Hence repeated stresses can apparently induce persistent shifts in functional states in soils, which are influenced by management history.
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