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Massimo Palme     University Lecturer 
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Massimo Palme published an article in October 2017.
Top co-authors
Javier Martínez

26 shared publications

Luis Inostroza

9 shared publications

Institute of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Dresden University of Technology, D-01062, Dresden, Germany

Paula Kapstein

3 shared publications

Universidad Católica del Norte, Chile

Leônidas Albano

2 shared publications

Universidade de Brasília

Sergio Alfaro

1 shared publications

16
Publications
4
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0
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12
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Publication Record
Distribution of Articles published per year 
(2013 - 2017)
Total number of journals
published in
 
9
 
Publications See all
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Urban Heat Island Effect on the Energy Consumption of Institutional Buildings in Rome Claudia Calice, Carola Clemente, Agnese Salvati, Massimo Pal... Published: 01 October 2017
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/245/8/082015
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The urban heat island (UHI) effect is constantly increasing the energy consumption of buildings, especially in summer periods. The energy gap between the estimated energy performance - often simulated without considering UHI - and the real operational consumption is especially relevant for institutional buildings, where the cooling needs are in general higher than in other kind of buildings, due to more internal gains (people, appliances) and different architectural design (more transparent façades and light walls). This paper presents a calculation of the energy penalty due to UHI in two institutional buildings in Rome. Urban Weather Generator (UWG) is used to generate a modified weather file, taking into account the UHI phenomenon. Then, two building performance simulations are done for each case: the first simulation uses a standard weather file and the second uses the modified one. Results shows how is it necessary to re-develop mitigation strategies and a new energy retrofit approach, in order to include urbanization ad UHI effect, especially in this kind of buildings, characterized by very poor conditions of comfort during summer, taking into account users and occupant-driven demand.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Analysis of Solar Chimneys in Different Climate Zones - Case of Social Housing in Ecuador Luis Godoy-Vaca, Manuel Almaguer, Javier Martínez, Andrea Lo... Published: 01 October 2017
doi: 10.1088/1757-899x/245/7/072045
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The aim of this research is to simulate the performance of a solar chimney located in different macro-zones in Ecuador. The proposed solar chimney model was simulated using a python script in order to predict the temperature distribution and the mass flow over time. The results obtained were firstly compared with experimental data for dry-warm climate. Then, the model was evaluated and tested in real weather conditions: dry-warm, moist-warm and rainy-cold. In addition, the assumed chimney dimensions were chosen according to the literature for the studied conditions. In spite of evaluating the best nightly ventilation, different chimney wall materials were tested: solid brick, common brick and reinforced concrete. The results showed that concrete in a dry-warm climate, a metallic layer on the gap with solid brick in a moist–warm climate and reinforced concrete in a rainy cold climate used for the absorbent wall improve the thermal inertia of the social housing.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Natural Ventilation: A Mitigation Strategy to Reduce Overheating In Buildings under Urban Heat Island Effect in South Am... Massimo Palme, Claudio Carrasco, Miguel Ángel Gálvez, Luis I... Published: 01 October 2017
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/245/7/072046
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Urban heat island effect often produces an increase of overheating sensation inside of buildings. To evacuate this heat, the current use of air conditioning increases the energy consumption of buildings. As a good alternative, natural ventilation is one of the best strategies to obtain indoor comfort conditions, even in summer season, if buildings and urban designs are appropriated. In this work, the overheating risk of a small house is evaluated in four South American cities: Guayaquil, Lima, Antofagasta and Valparaíso, with and without considering the UHI effect. Then, natural ventilation is assessed in order to understand the capability of this passive strategy to assure comfort inside the house. Results show that an important portion of the indoor heat can be evacuated, however the temperature rising (especially during the night) due to UHI can generate a saturation effect if appropriate technical solutions, like the increase in the air speed that can be obtained with good urban design, are not considered.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Urban Heat Island of Valparaíso, Chile - A Comparison between 2007 and 2016 Claudio Carrasco, Massimo Palme, Miguel Angel Galvez, Luis I... Published: 01 October 2017
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/245/7/072036
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The urban heat island phenomenon shows that the city changes the climate of the planet and affects it negatively by favouring the global warming. Urban morphology and city metabolism defines this behaviour. The city of Valparaíso, Chile, located in coastal Mediterranean climate in southern hemisphere is a city with around 295,000 inhabitants. In this research, the differences between UHI phenomenon in winters of 2007 and 2016 are evaluated. The city presented a temperature difference of 4.6 °C between the outskirts and the urban centre as a manifestation of this phenomenon, in 2007. By 2016 the city in population not increases and has had small morphological variations; the city presents an average temperature difference of 5.2 ° C between the outskirts and the urban centre as manifestation of urban heat island. This higher temperature occurs in the higher density built area, mainly of offices buildings. Here is the highest density of metabolic activity of the city, same as 2007.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Key Parameters for Urban Heat Island Assessment in A Mediterranean Context: A Sensitivity Analysis Using the Urban Weath... Agnese Salvati, Massimo Palme, Luis Inostroza Published: 01 October 2017
doi: 10.1088/1757-899x/245/8/082055
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Although Urban Heat Island (UHI) is a fundamental effect modifying the urban climate, being widely studied, the relative weight of the parameters involved in its generation is still not clear. This paper investigates the hierarchy of importance of eight parameters responsible for UHI intensity in the Mediterranean context. Sensitivity analyses have been carried out using the Urban Weather Generator model, considering the range of variability of: 1) city radius, 2) urban morphology, 3) tree coverage, 4) anthropogenic heat from vehicles, 5) building's cooling set point, 6) heat released to canyon from HVAC systems, 7) wall construction properties and 8) albedo of vertical and horizontal surfaces. Results show a clear hierarchy of significance among the considered parameters; the urban morphology is the most important variable, causing a relative change up to 120% of the annual average UHI intensity in the Mediterranean context. The impact of anthropogenic sources of heat such as cooling systems and vehicles is also significant. These results suggest that urban morphology parameters can be used as descriptors of the climatic performance of different urban areas, easing the work of urban planners and designers in understanding a complex physical phenomenon, such as the UHI.
BOOK-CHAPTER 0 Reads 0 Citations Robustness of Residential Houses in Ecuador in the Face of Global Warming: Prototyping and Simulation Studies in the Ama... Massimo Palme, Andrea Lobato Published: 14 December 2016
Mediterranean Green Buildings & Renewable Energy, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-30746-6_31
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