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Timothy Waring   Dr.  Senior Scientist or Principal Investigator 
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Timothy Waring published an article in October 2018.
Top co-authors See all
Marco A. Janssen

157 shared publications

School of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85281

Peter J. Richerson

87 shared publications

Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of California, Davis, CA, USA

Paul Smaldino

63 shared publications

University of California, Merced

Mario F. Teisl

59 shared publications

University of Maine

John Gowdy

23 shared publications

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Publication Record
Distribution of Articles published per year 
(2007 - 2018)
Total number of journals
published in
Publications See all
PREPRINT-CONTENT 2 Reads 0 Citations Exo-Esoteric Knowledge and the Evolution of Transmission Fidelity Adrian Bell, Timothy M. Waring Published: 28 October 2018
doi: 10.31235/
DOI See at publisher website ABS Show/hide abstract
Teaching is a sophisticated form of cultural transmission believed to increase transmission fidelity over less formal or less intentional modes of transmission. As such, teaching may have contributed to the build-up and maintenance of cultural complexity in human societies. However, teaching is also a strategic and dynamic behavior that likely evolves in response to both the type of knowledge taught and the social context. We explore this possibility through an evolutionary analysis of teaching fidelity, or the fidelity of knowledge transmission during teaching. For our analysis we developed two models, a two-trait model and a quantitative trait model to explore how selection on teaching fidelity varies across different types of knowledge. In our two-trait model we use exoteric and esoteric knowledge categories and specify them mathematically to ask how they may affect the evolutionarily-favored level of teaching fidelity. We show that the evolutionarily-stable transmission fidelity by teachers varies widely across knowledge types and depends on the number of students belonging to a teacher. Esoteric knowledge often converges on either very high or very low fidelity teaching practices, although what is taught often follows majority belief. Along exoteric knowledge domains, increasingly high-cost (or less beneficial) behaviors predicts teachers to impart the more benign (or more beneficial) behaviors. Further, when interactions between students are characterized by a social dilemma, increases in the fraction of the student population taught by a single teacher should increase the frequency with which teachers impart the group-beneficial behavior. Our quantitative model replicates many of the insights above, and further shows selection favoring for "vague" or low fidelity teaching once broadly distributed payoffs to traits become multi-modal.Our analysis suggests future empirical work to document the contexts of knowledge exchange and teaching styles in relation to the type of knowledge transmitted. More generally, it suggests more work to understand the evolution of teaching and teaching institutions, as their dynamics and strategic variability may be more profound than previously supposed.
Article 4 Reads 2 Citations Applying cultural evolution to sustainability challenges: an introduction to the special issue Jeremy S. Brooks, Timothy M. Waring, Monique Borgerhoff Muld... Published: 14 December 2017
Sustainability Science, doi: 10.1007/s11625-017-0516-3
DOI See at publisher website
Article 0 Reads 2 Citations Designing cultural multilevel selection research for sustainability science Michelle A. Kline, Timothy M. Waring, Jonathan Salerno Published: 21 November 2017
Sustainability Science, doi: 10.1007/s11625-017-0509-2
DOI See at publisher website
Article 0 Reads 2 Citations Evidence of cultural group selection in territorial lobstering in Maine Timothy Waring, James Acheson Published: 17 November 2017
Sustainability Science, doi: 10.1007/s11625-017-0501-x
DOI See at publisher website
Article 0 Reads 1 Citation Does Pricing Nature Reduce Monetary Support for Conservation?: Evidence From Donation Behavior in an Online Experiment Sandra H. Goff, Timothy M. Waring, Caroline L. Noblet Published: 01 November 2017
Ecological Economics, doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.05.027
DOI See at publisher website
Article 0 Reads 10 Citations The coevolution of economic institutions and sustainable consumption via cultural group selection Timothy M. Waring, Sandra H. Goff, Paul E. Smaldino Published: 01 January 2017
Ecological Economics, doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2016.09.022
DOI See at publisher website