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David H. Duncan  - - - 
Top co-authors See all
Ian D. Bishop

99 shared publications

Department of Infrastructure Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

Jane Elith

79 shared publications

School of BioSciences; The University of Melbourne; Parkville Victoria Australia

Peter A. Vesk

55 shared publications

School of BioSciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions The University of Melbourne Melbourne Victoria Australia

William Cartwright

45 shared publications

RMIT University, Australia

David Pullar

17 shared publications

Earth and Environmental Science, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

Publication Record
Distribution of Articles published per year 
(2004 - 2019)
Total number of journals
published in
Publications See all
PREPRINT-CONTENT 0 Reads 0 Citations How do rabbits and kangaroos limit restoration of endangered woodland ecosystems? Ami Bennett, David Hugh Duncan, Libby Rumpff, Peter Anton Ve... Published: 14 April 2019
doi: 10.32942/
DOI See at publisher website ABS Show/hide abstract
1.Ecological restoration of degraded ecosystems requires the facilitation of natural regeneration by plants, often augmented by large-scale active revegetation. The success of such projects is highly variable. Risk factors may be readily identifiable in a general sense, but it is rarely clear how they play out individually, or in combination.2.We addressed this problem with a field experiment on the survival and browsing damage of 1275 hand-planted buloke (Allocasuarina luehmannii) seedlings in a nationally endangered, semi-arid woodland community. Buloke seedlings were planted in 17 sites representing four landscape contexts and with three levels of protection from kangaroo and lagomorph browsing.3.We censused seedlings and measured herbivore activity four times during the first 400 days post-planting, and fit models of mortality and browse hazard to these data using survival analysis.4.Increasing lagomorph activity was associated with higher mortality risk, while kangaroo activity was not. Seedling survival was lowest for each treatment within extant buloke woodland, and the highest survival rates for guarded seedlings were in locations favoured by lagomorphs. 5.Damage from browsing was nearly ubiquitous after one year for surviving unguarded seedlings, despite moderate browser activity. On average, unguarded seedlings showed a decline in height, whereas guarded seedlings grew 2.3 cm across the survey period. 6.Synthesis and applications. Buloke seedlings should be protected from browsers, even with browsers maintained at moderate to low density. The location that maximises survival, and possibly growth rates, is adjacent to dunes, despite the apparently high risk of lagomorph browsing. Further work will test this heuristic in an analysis of cost-effective revegetation strategies for this endangered community.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Biodiversity patterns and ecological processes in Neotropical dry forest: the need to connect research and management fo... Gema Escribano-Avila, Laura Cervera, Leonardo Ordóñez-Delgad... Published: 01 January 2017
Neotropical Biodiversity, doi: 10.1080/23766808.2017.1298495
DOI See at publisher website
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Quantifying ecosystem quality by modeling multi-attribute expert opinion. Steve J Sinclair, Peter Griffioen, David H Duncan, Jessica E... Published: 01 September 2015
Ecological Applications,
PubMed View at PubMed
Article 0 Reads 4 Citations Quantifying ecosystem quality by modelling multi-attribute expert opinion. Steve J. Sinclair, Peter Griffioen, David H. Duncan, Jessica... Published: 01 September 2015
Ecological Applications, doi: 10.1890/14-1485.1
DOI See at publisher website
Article 0 Reads 2 Citations Empirically validating a dense woody regrowth ‘problem’ and thinning ‘solution’ for understory vegetation Christopher S. Jones, David H. Duncan, Libby Rumpff, Freya M... Published: 01 March 2015
Forest Ecology and Management, doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2014.12.006
DOI See at publisher website
Article 0 Reads 5 Citations Biocrust morphogroups provide an effective and rapid assessment tool for drylands Cassia F. Read, David H Duncan, Peter A. Vesk, Jane Elith Published: 01 October 2014
Journal of Applied Ecology, doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.12336
DOI See at publisher website PubMed View at PubMed ABS Show/hide abstract
Biological soil crusts (biocrusts) occur across most of the world's drylands and are sensitive indicators of dryland degradation. Accounting for shifts in biocrust composition is important for quantifying integrity of arid and semi-arid ecosystems, but the best methods for assessing biocrusts are uncertain. We investigate the utility of surveying biocrust morphogroups, a reduced set of biotic classes, compared to species data, for detecting shifts in biocrust composition and making inference about dryland degradation. We used multivariate regression tree (MRT) analyses to model morphogroup abundance, species abundance and species occurrence data from two independent studies in semi-arid open woodlands of south-eastern Australia. We advanced the MRT method with a ‘best subsets’ model selection procedure, which improved model stability and prediction. Biocrust morphogroup composition responded strongly to surrogate variables of ecological degradation. Further, MRT models of morphogroup data had stronger explanatory power and predictive power than MRT models of species abundance or occurrence data. We also identified morphogroup indicators of degraded and less degraded sites in our study region. Synthesis and applications. Sustainable management of drylands requires methods to assess shifts in ecological integrity. We suggest that biocrust morphogroups are highly suitable for assessment of dryland integrity because they allow for non-expert, rapid survey and are informative about ecological function. Furthermore, morphogroups were more robust than biocrust species data, showed a strong response to ecological degradation and were less influenced by environmental variation, and models of morphogroup abundance were more predictive.