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Isaac Luginaah  - - - 
Top co-authors See all
Sean Semple

112 shared publications

Institute for Social Marketing, Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport, University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland

Kevin M. Gorey

78 shared publications

School of Social Work, University of Windsor, Windsor, Canada

Frederick Ato Armah

74 shared publications

Department of Environmental Science, School of Biological Sciences, College of Agriculture and Natural Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Ghana

Karen Y Fung

15 shared publications

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, N9B 3P4, Canada

Kilian Nasung Atuoye

6 shared publications

Department of Geography, Western University, London, ON, Canada

Publication Record
Distribution of Articles published per year 
(2007 - 2018)
Total number of journals
published in
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Married women's autonomy and post-delivery modern contraceptive use in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Yuji Sano, Roger Antabe, Kilian Nasung Atuoye, Isaac Luginaa... Published: 12 March 2018
BMC Women's Health, doi: 10.1186/s12905-018-0540-1
DOI See at publisher website PubMed View at PubMed ABS Show/hide abstract
Although use of modern contraception is considered beneficial in lowering maternal and child mortality rates, the prevalence of contraceptive use remains low in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This study examined modern contraceptive use and its linkage to women's autonomy. Data were drawn from the 2013-2014 Democratic Republic of Congo Demographic and Health Survey. We selected unsterilized and non-pregnant married women who have given birth in the last three years (N = 6680). Logistic regression models were fitted to explore the relationship between women's autonomy and modern contraceptive use. The study found that only 7.1% of married women who had delivered within three years used modern contraceptive methods. After controlling for socioeconomic and demographic factors, the association between women's autonomy and modern contraceptive use remained positively significant (OR = 1.16; 95% CI = 1.05, 1.29). The findings from this study indicate that it is not enough to provide women with educational and employment opportunities to increase the uptake of modern contraception, but also to enhance women's assertiveness to make their own decisions regardless of their partners' preferences within household settings. It is critical for government and other stakeholders to roll out programs aimed at reducing gender inequality and improving women's autonomy in decision-making about reproductive health.
Article 0 Reads 2 Citations Effectiveness of interventions to reduce indoor air pollution and/or improve health in homes using solid fuel in lower a... Reginald Quansah, Caroline A Ochieng, Sean Semple, Sanjar Ju... Published: 04 March 2015
Systematic Reviews, doi: 10.1186/s13643-015-0012-8
DOI See at publisher website PubMed View at PubMed ABS Show/hide abstract
Indoor air pollution (IAP) interventions are widely promoted as a means of reducing indoor air pollution/health from solid fuel use; and research addressing impact of these interventions has increased substantially in the past two decades. It is timely and important to understand more about effectiveness of these interventions. We describe the protocol of a systematic review to (i) evaluate effectiveness of IAP interventions to improve indoor air quality and/or health in homes using solid fuel for cooking and/or heating in lower- and middle-income countries, (ii) identify the most effective intervention to improve indoor air quality and/or health, and (iii) identify future research needs. This review will be conducted according to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines and will be reported following the PRISMA statement. Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, SCOPUS, and PubMed searches were conducted in September 2013 and updated in November 2014 (and include any further search updates in February 2015). Additional references will be located through searching the references cited by identified studies and through the World Health Organization Global database of household air pollution measurements. We will also search our own archives. Data extraction and risk of bias assessment of all included papers will be conducted independently by five reviewers. The study will provide insights into what interventions are most effective in reducing indoor air pollution and/or adverse health outcomes in homes using solid fuel for cooking or heating in lower- or middle-income countries. The findings from this review will be used to inform future IAP interventions and policy on poverty reduction and health improvement in poor communities who rely on biomass and solid fuels for cooking and heating. The review has been registered with PROSPERO (registration number CRD42014009768 ).
Article 1 Read 17 Citations Impact of air pollution on hospital admissions in Southwestern Ontario, Canada: generating hypotheses in sentinel high-e... Karen Y Fung, Isaac N Luginaah, Kevin M Gorey Published: 05 July 2007
Environmental Health, doi: 10.1186/1476-069X-6-18
DOI See at publisher website PubMed View at PubMed ABS Show/hide abstract
Southwestern Ontario (SWO) in Canada has been known as a 'hot spot' in terms of environmental exposure and potential effects. We chose to study 3 major cities in SWO in this paper. We compared age-standardized hospital admission ratios of Sarnia and Windsor to London, and to generate hypotheses about potential pollutant-induced health effects in the 'Chemical Valley', Sarnia. The number of daily hospital admissions was obtained from all hospitals in London, Windsor and Sarnia from January 1, 1996 to December 31, 2000. We used indirect age adjustment method to obtain standardized admissions ratios for males and females and we chose London as the reference population. This process of adjustment was to apply the age-specific admission rates of London to the population of Sarnia and Windsor in order to yield expected admissions. The observed number of admissions was then compared to the expected admissions in terms of a ratio. These standardized admissions ratios and their corresponding confidence intervals were calculated for Sarnia and Windsor. Our findings showed that Sarnia and Windsor had significantly higher age-adjusted hospital admissions rates compared to London. This finding was true for all admissions, and especially pronounced for cardiovascular and respiratory admissions. For example, in 1996, the observed number of admissions in Sarnia was 3.11 (CI: 2.80, 3.44) times for females and 2.83 (CI: 2.54, 3.14) times for males as would be expected by using London's admission rates. Since hospital admissions rates were significantly higher in 'Chemical Valley' as compared to both London and Windsor, we hypothesize that these higher rates are pollution related. A critical look at the way ambient air quality and other pollutants are monitored in this area is warranted. Further epidemiological research is needed to verify our preliminary indications of harmful effects in people living in 'Chemical Valley'.