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Edward Byers  - - - 
Top co-authors
Marcos Aurélio Vasconcelos De Freitas

11 shared publications

Energy Planning Program (PPE/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro 21941-914, Brazil

Julian David Hunt

7 shared publications

International Institute of Applied Systems Analsys (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria

Reinhard Prenner

1 shared publications

18
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Publication Record
Distribution of Articles published per year 
(2014 - 2019)
Total number of journals
published in
 
12
 
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Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Improving the SDG energy poverty targets: Residential cooling needs in the Global South Alessio Mastrucci, Edward Byers, Shonali Pachauri, Narasimha... Published: 01 March 2019
Energy and Buildings, doi: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2019.01.015
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With growing health risks from rising temperatures in the Global South, the lack of essential indoor cooling is increasingly seen as a dimension of energy poverty and human well-being. Air conditioning (AC) is expected to increase significantly with rising incomes, but it is likely that many who need AC will not have it. We estimate the current location and extent of populations potentially exposed to heat stress in the Global South. We apply a variable degree days (VDD) method on a global grid to estimate the energy demand required to meet these cooling needs, accounting for spatially explicit climate, housing types, access to electricity and AC ownership. Our results show large gaps in access to essential space cooling, especially in India, South-East Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Between 1.8 to 4.1 billion, depending on the required indoor temperatures and days of exposure, may require AC to avoid heat related stresses under current climate and socio-economic conditions. This number far exceeds the energy poverty gap indicated by the Sustainable Development Goal for electricity access (SDG7). Covering this cooling gap would entail a median energy demand growth of 14% of current global residential electricity consumption, primarily for AC. Solutions beyond improved AC efficiency, such as passive building and city design, innovative cooling technologies, and parsimonious use of AC will be needed to ensure essential cooling for all with minimized environmental damage. Meeting the essential cooling gap, as estimated by this study, can have important interactions with achieving several of the SDGs.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Balancing clean water-climate change mitigation trade-offs Simon Parkinson, Volker Krey, Daniel Huppmann, Taher Kahil, ... Published: 11 January 2019
Environmental Research Letters, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/aaf2a3
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Energy systems support technical solutions fulfilling the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goal for clean water and sanitation (SDG6), with implications for future energy demands and greenhouse gas emissions. The energy sector is also a large consumer of water, making water efficiency targets ingrained in SDG6 important constraints for long-term energy planning. Here, we apply a global integrated assessment model to quantify the cost and characteristics of infrastructure pathways balancing SDG6 targets for water access, scarcity, treatment and efficiency with long-term energy transformations limiting climate warming to 1.5 °C. Under a mid-range human development scenario, we find that approximately 1 trillion USD2010 per year is required to close water infrastructure gaps and operate water systems consistent with achieving SDG6 goals by 2030. Adding a 1.5 °C climate policy constraint increases these costs by up to 8 %. In the reverse direction, when the SDG6 targets are added on top of the 1.5 °C policy constraint, the cost to transform and operate energy systems increases 2 to 9 % relative to a baseline 1.5 °C scenario that does not achieve the SDG6 targets by 2030. Cost increases in the SDG6 pathways are due to expanded use of energy-intensive water treatment and costs associated with water conservation measures in power generation, municipal, manufacturing and agricultural sectors. Combined global spending (capital and operational expenditures) in the integrated SDG6-1.5 °C scenarios to 2030 on water and energy systems increases 92 to 125 % relative to a baseline scenario without 1.5 °C and SDG6 constraints. Evaluation of the multi-sectoral policies underscores the importance of water conservation and integrated water-energy planning for avoiding costs from interacting water, energy and climate goals
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Technical potential and cost estimates for seawater air conditioning Julian David Hunt, Edward Byers, Antonio Santos Sánchez Published: 01 January 2019
Energy, doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2018.10.146
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Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Reducing sea level rise with submerged barriers and dams in Greenland Julian David Hunt, Edward Byers Published: 21 December 2018
Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, doi: 10.1007/s11027-018-9831-y
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Sea levels have been rising at an increasing rate in the past decades, due to the increased ocean temperatures and glacier melt caused by global warming. The continued increase in sea levels will result in large-scale impacts in coastal areas as they are submerged by the sea. Locations not able to bear the costs of implementing protection and adaptation measures will have to be abandoned, resulting in social, economic, and environmental losses. The most important mitigation goal for sea level rise is to reduce or possibly revert carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. However, given the magnitude and long time lag between emissions and impacts, new adaptation measures to reduce sea level rise should be proposed, developed and if possible, implemented. This paper suggests that submerged barriers or dams built in front of ice sheets and glaciers would contribute to reducing the ice melt in Greenland. The ten proposed barriers or dams in this paper could prevent the contribution to sea level rise by up to 5.3 m at a cost of US$ 0.275 billion a year. This is much lower when compared to adaptation measures to sea level rise around the world estimated to be US$ 1.4 trillion a year by 2100.
Article 0 Reads 1 Citation A Continental‐Scale Hydroeconomic Model for Integrating Water‐Energy‐Land Nexus Solutions Taher Kahil, Simon Parkinson, Yusuke Satoh, Peter Greve, Pet... Published: 11 October 2018
Water Resources Research, doi: 10.1029/2017wr022478
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This study presents the development of a new bottom‐up large‐scale hydro‐economic model, Extended Continental‐scale Hydro‐economic Optimization (ECHO), that works at a sub‐basin scale over a continent. The strength of ECHO stems from the integration of a detailed representation of local hydrological and technological constraints with regional and global policies, while accounting for the feedbacks between water, energy and agricultural sectors. In this study, ECHO has been applied over Africa as a case study with the aim of demonstrating the benefits of this integrated hydro‐economic modeling framework. Results of this framework are overall consistent with previous findings evaluating the cost of water supply and adaptation to global changes in Africa. Moreover, results provide critical assessments of future investment needs in both supply and demand side water management options, economic implications of contrasting future socio‐economic and climate change scenarios, and the potential tradeoffs among economic and environmental objectives. Overall, this study demonstrates the capacity of ECHO to address challenging research questions examining the sustainability of water supply, and the impacts of water management on energy and food sectors and vice versa. As such, we propose ECHO as useful tool for water‐related scenario analysis and management options evaluation.
Article 1 Read 0 Citations Comparison between seasonal pumped-storage and conventional reservoir dams from the water, energy and land nexus perspec... Julian David Hunt, Edward Byers, Keywan Riahi, Simon Langan Published: 01 June 2018
Energy Conversion and Management, doi: 10.1016/j.enconman.2018.04.044
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