Distribution of Articles published per year
(2009 - 2018)
(2009 - 2018)
Total number of journals
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Article 1 Read 0 Citations How does the Built Environment Influence Public Transit Choice in Urban Villages in China? Published: 28 December 2018
Sustainability, doi: 10.3390/su11010148
With growing traffic congestion and environmental issues, the interactions between travel behaviour and the built environment have drawn attention from researchers and policymakers to take effective measures to encourage more sustainable travel modes and to curb car trips, especially in urbanising areas where travel demand is very complicated. This paper presents how built environmental factors affect public transit choice behaviour in urban villages in China, where a large population of low-income workers are accommodated. This location had a high demand for public transit and special built environmental characteristics. Multinomial logistic regression was employed to examine both the determinants and magnitude of their influence. The results indicate that the impacts of built environments apply particularly in urban villages compared to those in formal residences. In particular, mixed land use generates an adverse effect on public transit choice, a surprising outcome which is contrary to previous common conclusions. This study contributes by addressing a special type of neighbourhood in order to narrow down the research gap in this domain. The findings help to suggest effective measures to satisfy public transit demand efficiently and also provide a new perspective for urban regeneration.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Costs and Benefits of Implementing Green Building Economic Incentives: Case Study of a Gross Floor Area Concession Schem... Published: 08 August 2018
Sustainability, doi: 10.3390/su10082814
Economic incentives are widely used to promote green buildings (GB) and consume social resources. However, few studies evaluate the costs and benefits of implementing economic incentives, including hidden costs and benefits. This paper applies cost–benefits analysis (CBA) and transaction cost (TC) theory to systematically evaluate the costs and benefits of implementing the green building economic incentives, with focused study on the Gross Floor Area (GFA) Concession Scheme in Hong Kong. The data of costs and benefits indicate how the GFA Concession Scheme motivates stakeholders and how much it benefits the built environment, which provides a solid foundation for the improvement of the GFA Concession Scheme. Expert interviews were conducted to verify and compliment the new CBA framework and provide empirical evidence for policy-makers and researchers to better understand the allocation of costs and benefits. The results show that the effectiveness of the GFA Concession Scheme is readily justified even if it has caused a lot of extra transaction costs and actual costs. A 10% GFA concession attracts developers to enter the GB market but discourages them to go for a higher level of GB. It is the right time to differentiate the GFA concession to promote a higher level of GB.
Article 0 Reads 1 Citation Transaction costs (TCs) in green building (GB) incentive schemes: Gross Floor Area (GFA) Concession Scheme in Hong Kong Published: 01 August 2018
Energy Policy, doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2018.04.054
BOOK-CHAPTER 0 Reads 0 Citations Low Carbon Urban Design: Potentials and Opportunities Published: 11 March 2017
Creating Low Carbon Cities, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-49730-3_8
Article 0 Reads 2 Citations Public open spaces planning for the elderly: The case of dense urban renewal districts in Hong Kong Published: 01 December 2016
Land Use Policy, doi: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2016.08.022
Article 0 Reads 3 Citations Regulatory incentives for green buildings: gross floor area concessions Published: 20 May 2016
Building Research & Information, doi: 10.1080/09613218.2016.1181874
Incentive schemes formed by regulatory or administrative instruments are measures to promote green building (GB) and increase the motivation of developers to meet higher standards. The hidden costs to different stakeholders during the GB transaction are often ignored. Understanding these hidden transaction costs (TCs) helps appraise the costs and benefits of GB and policy effectiveness. The example of a gross floor area (GFA) concession scheme is used systematically to explore and understand the fundamental issues of TCs’ typology and chronology in the GB development process. The GFA concession scheme is a popular incentive due to its indirect compensation to developers by allowing additional floor area without expenditure by government to implement GBs. A TCs’ framework is used critically to review and evaluate the costs and benefits of the GFA concession scheme. Its particular implementation in both Hong Kong and Singapore is explored. Hong Kong is used as a case study, complemented with in-depth expert interviews on GFA concession in Hong Kong. The key contribution is to establish the parameters for estimating the optimum GFA bonus that could both motivate various stakeholders and minimize the negative impacts on the built environment in future.