Distribution of Articles published per year
(1999 - 2016)
(1999 - 2016)
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Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Selected physical parameters as determinants of flood fatalities in Bangladesh, 1972–2013 Published: 25 May 2016
Natural Hazards, doi: 10.1007/s11069-016-2384-z
Bangladesh is vulnerable to frequent and disruptive flooding, which adversely affects the country’s economy and society, and causes fatalities. Because of their recurrent nature and devastating impacts, floods have received significant attention from hazard researchers. However, on a national scale, few rigorous attempts have been made to identify what actually affects flood fatalities. Using a temporal approach, this paper examines the determinants of flood deaths in Bangladesh for the 1972–2013 period. Application of Poisson regression reveals that the extent of the area flooded, the number of people affected by the event, flood duration and frequency, and the interactions of these factors have a significant effect on flood deaths. The study findings may help future flood disaster management in Bangladesh.
Article 0 Reads 8 Citations Predictors of compliance with tornado warnings issued in Joplin, Missouri, in 2011 Published: 18 September 2014
Disasters, doi: 10.1111/disa.12087
Joplin, a city in the southwest corner of Missouri, United States, suffered an EF‐5 tornado in the late afternoon of 22 May 2011. This event, which claimed the lives of 162 people, represents the deadliest single tornado to strike the US since modern record‐keeping began in 1950. This study examines the factors associated with responses to tornado warnings. Based on a post‐tornado survey of survivors in Joplin, it reveals that tornado warnings were adequate and timely. Multivariate logistic regression identified four statistically significant determinants of compliance with tornado warnings: number of warning sources, whether respondents were at home when the tornado struck, past tornado experience, and gender. The findings suggest several recommendations, the implementation of which will further improve responses to tornado warnings.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Factors influencing willingness to comply with HIV/AIDS prevention measures by female college students in Kolkata, West ... Published: 07 May 2013
GeoJournal, doi: 10.1007/s10708-013-9479-9
With a 2.4 million people living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), India is among the countries in the world most vulnerable to the spread of HIV. This study focuses on understanding what makes female college students (ages 18–24) in Kolkata, India willing to comply with HIV/AIDS preventive measures; these students are widely believed to be at low risk of infection with HIV. Through a questionnaire survey, the data used in this study was collected from 232 female students attending five higher education institutes. Multiple regression analysis reveals that religion, household income, perception of whether preventive measures would hamper freedom, and respondents’ perception of the effectiveness of preventive measures all influence the students’ willingness to comply with preventive measures. Based on its findings, the study makes several recommendations to improve HIV/AIDS prevention in Kolkata and West Bengal, India.
Article 0 Reads 9 Citations Exploring probable reasons for record fatalities: the case of 2011 Joplin, Missouri, Tornado Published: 11 August 2012
Natural Hazards, doi: 10.1007/s11069-012-0313-3
On the evening of 22 May 2011, an EF-5 tornado tore a path six miles long across Joplin, Missouri, USA, killing 162 people as it passed through the heart of the city. This tornado stands as the deadliest single tornado to hit the United States since modern recordkeeping began in 1950, surpassing the tornado of 8 June 1953 that claimed 116 lives in Flint, Michigan. The record number of deaths caused by the single tornado in Joplin was far higher than the average annual number of US tornado deaths over the last three decades. This study explores the reasons for the high number of fatalities caused by the 2011 Joplin tornado. Questionnaire surveys administered among tornado survivors and informal discussions with emergency management personnel and others suggest that five reasons are associated with the high number of tornado fatalities experienced in Joplin: (1) the sheer magnitude of this event; (2) its path through commercial and densely populated residential areas; (3) the relatively large size of damage area; (4) the physical characteristics of affected homes in Joplin; and (5) the fact that some residents ignored tornado warnings. Several recommendations are offered, the implementation of which should reduce future tornado fatalities not only in Joplin, but elsewhere in the United States.
Article 0 Reads 3 Citations Post-Cyclone Sidr nutritional status of women and children in coastal Bangladesh: an empirical study Published: 04 June 2012
Natural Hazards, doi: 10.1007/s11069-012-0223-4
Cyclone Sidr, a Category 4 storm, struck the southwestern coast of Bangladesh on November 15, 2007, causing 3,406 deaths, 2.51 million acres of crop damage, and aggregated damage of US$1.7 billion. It significantly damaged household food availability and increased post-cyclone nutritional insecurity. This study assesses the nutritional status of household and explores influences of various socioeconomic variables on nutritional security. More specifically, it explores the impact of the cyclone on short-term nutritional status of women of reproductive age and children under 5 years. For this study, 331 households living in three villages devastated by Cyclone Sidr were selected. The nutritional status of women of reproductive age was measured based on body mass index, and that of children aged 6–59 months was measured based on weight-for-height (wasting), height-for-age (stunting), and weight-for-age (underweight). This study found that the nutritional status, along with other household characteristics, of the study groups was not remarkably different across the three selected villages. Findings of this study further suggest that the nutritional security situation was not much changed in the post-cyclone period compared with the pre-cyclone period primarily because of rapid and effective distribution of essential food items among cyclone survivors by the government of Bangladesh along with donor and other organizations. However, nutritional insecurity was more prevalent in the island village relative to inland and coastline villages. Similarly, fishermen were found to be the most vulnerable to nutritional insecurity in the post-cyclone period. Several recommendations are made to improve food aid distribution in the aftermath of a cyclone.
Article 0 Reads 3 Citations Opportunities and challenges in rebuilding tornado-impacted Greensburg, Kansas as “stronger, better, and greener” Published: 30 December 2010
GeoJournal, doi: 10.1007/s10708-010-9404-4
A May 2007 tornado destroyed 95% of aging, declining Greensburg, Kansas. The city took the opportunity to build back “stronger, better, and greener,” enforcing upgraded codes, requiring city-owned buildings to meet LEED Platinum level standards, and recommending energy-efficiency housing in a new Sustainable Comprehensive Plan. Using information collected from surveys of Greensburg tornado survivors, interviews, and publications, we examined the housing-related recovery, including the emergency provision of temporary shelter and rebuilding permanently. Although temporary shelter kept residents nearby for rebuilding, given the gap between insurance policy limits on the aging housing stock and rebuilding costs, housing affordability is a critical issue in Greensburg’s recovery. Local, state, and federal support have made construction of municipal buildings at LEED Platinum level and some affordable and green housing projects possible. However, far greater public and private sector funding for affordable workforce housing, in conjunction with broader economic and job development, is needed.