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Peter A. Braithwaite  - - - 
Top co-authors See all
Christopher D. F. Rogers

85 shared publications

School of Civil Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom

Rachel F. D. Cooper

83 shared publications

Imagination, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK

Jane Falkingham

70 shared publications

Centre for Global Health, Population, Poverty and Policy, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK

A S Bahaj

66 shared publications

Energy & Climate Change Division, Sustainable Energy Research Group (, Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK

John Urry

47 shared publications

Lancaster University, Department of Sociology, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4YW, UK

Publication Record
Distribution of Articles published per year 
(2013 - 2018)
Total number of journals
published in
Article 1 Read 0 Citations A new sustainability framework for urban underground space Roya Zargarian, Peter Braithwaite, Nikolai Bobylev, Dexter V... Published: 01 August 2018
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Engineering Sustainability, doi: 10.1680/jensu.15.00013
DOI See at publisher website
Article 5 Reads 1 Citation Dataset of the livability performance of the city of Birmingham, UK, as measured by its citizen wellbeing, resource secu... Joanne M. Leach, Susan E. Lee, Christopher T. Boyko, Claire ... Published: 13 October 2017
Data in Brief, doi: 10.1016/j.dib.2017.10.004
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This data article presents the UK City LIFE1 data set for the city of Birmingham, UK. UK City LIFE1 is a new, comprehensive and holistic method for measuring the livable sustainability performance of UK cities. The Birmingham data set comprises 346 indicators structured simultaneously (1) within a four-tier, outcome-based framework in order to aid in their interpretation (e.g., promote healthy living and healthy long lives, minimize energy use, uncouple economic vitality from CO2 emissions) and (2) thematically in order to complement government and disciplinary siloes (e.g., health, energy, economy, climate change). Birmingham data for the indicators are presented within an Excel spreadsheet with their type, units, geographic area, year, source, link to secondary data files, data collection method, data availability and any relevant calculations and notes. This paper provides a detailed description of UK city LIFE1 in order to enable comparable data sets to be produced for other UK cities. The Birmingham data set is made publically available at to facilitate this and to enable further analyses. The UK City LIFE1 Birmingham data set has been used to understand what is known and what is not known about the livable sustainability performance of the city and to inform how Birmingham City Council can take action now to improve its understanding and its performance into the future (see “Improving city-scale measures of livable sustainability: A study of urban measurement and assessment through application to the city of Birmingham, UK” Leach et al. [2]).
Article 6 Reads 3 Citations A comparison of energy systems in Birmingham, UK, with Masdar City, an embryonic city in Abu Dhabi Emirate Susan E. Lee, Peter Braithwaite, Joanne M. Leach, Chris D.F.... Published: 01 November 2016
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.07.019
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Energy is a vital resource in modern life. With increasingly limited availability of traditional energy resources, e.g., oil, coal and nuclear, together with environmental concerns, there is raised awareness that energy needs to be both used more efficiently and generated in line with thinking on sustainability. Ready access to ‘clean’ energy is essential if we wish to maintain our current way of life without compromising our wellbeing or the carrying capacity of the planet. This paper aims to analyse the differences and similarities in energy supply and demand between two very different cities. Masdar City, founded in 2008, is a dynamic new Middle-Eastern city being built in a desert environment. Its aim is to be the most sustainable city in the world and offers an exciting opportunity to provide unique insights into the application of different innovative technologies as ‘new-build’ within an urban environment. Birmingham is a well-established post-industrial city that has evolved over fourteen hundred years. It was one of the fastest growing cities in 19th century England (Popp and Wilson, 2009) [1]. To do this a material flow analysis approach has been adopted to provide a framework for the study. The energy-related opportunities and mutual benefits that each city can gain from the experiences of the other are explored and five emergent issues are identified: innovation and experimentation, lock-in, balance, resilience and governance. This work shows how a greater understanding of common issues can lead to more sustainable, resilient and robust cities, able to face the challenges of the next 50 years.
Article 0 Reads 6 Citations Measuring urban sustainability and liveability performance: the City Analysis Methodology Joanne M. Leach, Peter A. Braithwaite, Susan E. Lee, Christo... Published: 01 January 2016
International Journal of Complexity in Applied Science and Technology, doi: 10.1504/ijcast.2016.081296
DOI See at publisher website
PROCEEDINGS-ARTICLE 8 Reads 0 Citations Material Flow Analysis (MFA) for Liveable Cities Dexter Hunt, Joanne Leach, Susan Lee, Chris Bouch, Peter Bra... Published: 05 November 2014
Proceedings of The 4th World Sustainability Forum, doi: 10.3390/wsf-4-f010
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Well-functioning 'liveable' cities should be sustainable and their consumption of natural resources and production of waste must fit within the capacities of the local, regional and global ecosystems. It is increasingly becoming suggested that an Urban Metabolism (UM), approach could help city decision-makers (e.g. planners) take account of numerous critical influencing factors related to the inward outward flow(s) of natural resources (e.g. food, water and energy) and accumulation of waste. The paper identifies the precursory step for any UM study (Mass Flow Analysis - MFA) and applies it to a case study (Birmingham, UK) in order to show how it could contribute to the measurement, assessment and understanding of liveability, defined as 80% reduction in carbon (from 1990 levels); resource secure (an ethos of One planet living); with maintained or enhanced wellbeing. By provided focus upon an individual resource stream (i.e. water) at multiple scales (city to individual) it is shown that MFA can be used as a starting point to develop realistic and radical engineering solutions. However further work is required for it to be truly reflective of broader aspects of urban liveability.
PROCEEDINGS-ARTICLE 6 Reads 0 Citations A Band Rating System for Domestic Water Use: Influences of Supply and Demand Options Dexter Hunt, Chris Rogers, Peter Braithwaite Published: 31 October 2013
Proceedings of The 3rd World Sustainability Forum, doi: 10.3390/wsf3-e005
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The national demand for water in the UK is predicted to increase, exacerbated by a growing UK population, and home-grown demands for energy and food. When set against the context of overstretched existing supply sources vulnerable to droughts, particularly in the SE of the UK, the delicate balance of matching minimal demands with resource secure supplies becomes critical. Whilst demands can be decreased through changes in user behaviour and adoption of technological efficiency and supplies can be supplemented with additional local sources (e.g. rainwater harvesting – RWH and greywater – GW), careful consideration of future water use performance, particularly in increasingly dense city centres needs to be considered. For this purpose indicators and benchmarks are particularly useful, although any system, once adopted, must be robust and fully understood in terms of its sensitivity to future changes. This paper presents a new benchmarking system for measuring the water using performance of domestic dwellings and considers the impact(s) therein when making changes to ‘internal’ demands either through technological efficiency or user behaviour alone. The sensitivity of water performance is then tested further when combining these changes with additional localised supplies (i.e. RWH and GW) and ‘external’ gardening demands. Therein the impacts (in isolation and combination) of the following are considered: occupancy rates (1 to 4); roof size (12.5 m2 to 100m2); garden size (25 m2 to 100m2); geographical location (NW, Midlands, SE) and yearly temporal effects. Lessons learnt from analysis of the proposed benchmarking system are made throughout this paper, in particular its compatibility with the existing code for sustainable homes accreditation system. Conclusions are subsequently drawn for the robustness of the proposed system.