Antioxidant activity and phenolic content in genotypes of Indian jujube (Zizyphus mauritiana Lamk.)
Published: 01 November 2016
Arabian Journal of Chemistry,
See at publisher website
ABS Show/hide abstract
Indian jujube (Zizyphus mauritiana Lamk), an indigenous fruit crop of India has been widely used in traditional medicine for treating various kinds of diseases. Chinese jujube has been studied; however systematic study on Indian jujube is lacking. In this work, 12 commercial cultivars of Z. mauritiana were evaluated for their ascorbic acid (AA), total phenolics (TPH), flavonoids (TF), and total antioxidant activity (AOX). Results indicate that Indian jujube is a good source of ascorbic acid and total phenolics ranging from 19.54 to 99.49 mg/100 g and 172 to 328.6 mg GAE/100 g, respectively. Total AOX ranged from 7.41 to 13.93 and 8.01 to 15.13 μmol Trolox/g in FRAP and CUPRAC, respectively. Principal component analysis was performed to find a linear combination of the functional attributes which would account for most of the variance in the observed attributes. GGE biplots revealed that ZG-3, Elaichi and Gola, are promising genotypes in terms of total phenolics and flavonoids.