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Cunle Wu  - - - 
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Malcolm Whiteway

25 shared publications

Department of Biology, Concordia University, Montreal, QC H4B 1R6, Canada

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(1995 - 2019)
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Article 2 Reads 0 Citations The adaptor protein Ste50 directly modulates yeast MAPK signaling specificity through differential connections of its RA... Nusrat Sharmeen, Traian Sulea, Malcolm Whiteway, Cunle Wu Published: 15 March 2019
Molecular Biology of the Cell, doi: 10.1091/mbc.e18-11-0708
DOI See at publisher website
Article 0 Reads 1 Citation Comparative Xylose Metabolism among the Ascomycetes C. albicans, S. stipitis and S. cerevisiae Doreen Harcus, Daniel Dignard, Guylaine Lépine, Chris Askew,... Published: 13 November 2013
PLOS ONE, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080733
DOI See at publisher website PubMed View at PubMed ABS Show/hide abstract
The ascomycetes Candida albicans, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Scheffersomyces stipitis metabolize the pentose sugar xylose very differently. S. cerevisiae fails to grow on xylose, while C. albicans can grow, and S. stipitis can both grow and ferment xylose to ethanol. However, all three species contain highly similar genes that encode potential xylose reductases and xylitol dehydrogenases required to convert xylose to xylulose, and xylulose supports the growth of all three fungi. We have created C. albicans strains deleted for the xylose reductase gene GRE3, the xylitol dehydrogenase gene XYL2, as well as the gre3 xyl2 double mutant. As expected, all the mutant strains cannot grow on xylose, while the single gre3 mutant can grow on xylitol. The gre3 and xyl2 mutants are efficiently complemented by the XYL1 and XYL2 from S. stipitis. Intriguingly, the S. cerevisiae GRE3 gene can complement the Cagre3 mutant, while the ScSOR1 gene can complement the Caxyl2 mutant, showing that S. cerevisiae contains the enzymatic capacity for converting xylose to xylulose. In addition, the gre3 xyl2 double mutant of C. albicans is effectively rescued by the xylose isomerase (XI) gene of either Piromyces or Orpinomyces, suggesting that the XI provides an alternative to the missing oxido-reductase functions in the mutant required for the xylose-xylulose conversion. Overall this work suggests that C. albicans strains engineered to lack essential steps for xylose metabolism can provide a platform for the analysis of xylose metabolism enzymes from a variety of species, and confirms that S. cerevisiae has the genetic potential to convert xylose to xylulose, although non-engineered strains cannot proliferate on xylose as the sole carbon source.
Article 0 Reads 17 Citations Binding the Atypical RA Domain of Ste50p to the Unfolded Opy2p Cytoplasmic Tail Is Essential for the High-Osmolarity Gly... Irena Ekiel, Traian Sulea, Gregor Jansen, Maria Kowalik, Ovi... Published: 15 December 2009
Molecular Biology of the Cell, doi: 10.1091/mbc.E09-07-0645
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Activation of the high-osmolarity glycerol (HOG) pathway for osmoregulation in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae involves interaction of the adaptor Ste50p with the cytoplasmic tail of single-transmembrane protein Opy2p. We have determined the solution structure of the Ste50p-RA (Ras association) domain, and it shows an atypical RA fold lacking the β1 and β2 strands of the canonical motif. Although the core of the RA domain is fully functional in the pheromone response, an additional region is required for the HOG pathway activation. Two peptide motifs within the intrinsically disordered cytoplasmic tail of Opy2p defined by NMR spectroscopy physically interact with the Step50p-RA domain. These Opy2p-derived peptides bind overlapping regions of the Step50p-RA domain with similarly weak affinities, suggesting a multivalent interaction of these proteins as a crucial point of control of the HOG pathway. As well, overall selection of signaling pathways depends on functionally distinct regions of the Ste50p-RA domain, implicating this element in the control of global regulatory decisions.
Article 0 Reads 41 Citations Adaptor protein Ste50p links the Ste11p MEKK to the HOG pathway through plasma membrane association Cunle Wu, Gregor Jansen, Jianchun Zhang, David Y. Thomas, Ma... Published: 15 March 2006
Genome Research, doi: 10.1101/gad.1375706
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In a variety of yeast cellular pathways, the Ste50p protein regulates the kinase function of the mitogen extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase (MEKK) Ste11p. Both Ste11p and Ste50p contain sterile α motif (SAM) domains; these are interchangeable, and can be replaced by other protein-interacting modules. Furthermore, the function of the Ras association (RA)-like domain of Ste50p can be mimicked by a plasma membrane recruiting signal, and direct plasma membrane targeting of Ste11p bypasses the requirement of Ste50p for Ste11p function. Thus the regulatory role of Ste50p requires both the N-terminal SAM domain to bind Ste11p and the C-terminal RA-like domain to direct kinase localization. We have identified Opy2p, an integral membrane protein that can interact with Ste50p, as a new component in the Sho1p–Ste11p/Ste50p signaling branch of the high-osmolarity glycerol (HOG) pathway. We propose that Opy2p can serve as a membrane anchor for the Ste50p/Ste11p module in the activation of the HOG pathway.
Article 0 Reads 2 Citations Phosphorylation of the MAPKKK Regulator Ste50p in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: a Casein Kinase I Phosphorylation Site Is Re... Cunle Wu, Mathieu Arcand, Gregor Jansen, Mei Zhong, Tatiana ... Published: 10 October 2003
Eukaryotic Cell, doi: 10.1128/EC.2.5.949-961.2003
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The Ste50 protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a regulator of the Ste11p protein kinase. Ste11p is a member of the MAP3K (or MEKK) family, which is conserved from yeast to mammals. Ste50p is involved in all the signaling pathways that require Ste11p function, yet little is known about the regulation of Ste50p itself. Here, we show that Ste50p is phosphorylated on multiple serine/threonine residues in vivo. Threonine 42 (T42) is phosphorylated both in vivo and in vitro, and the protein kinase responsible has been identified as casein kinase I. Replacement of T42 with alanine (T42A) compromises Ste50p function. This mutation abolishes the ability of overexpressed Ste50p to suppress either the mating defect of a ste20 ste50 deletion mutant or the mating defect of a strain with a Ste11p deleted from its sterile-alpha motif domain. Replacement of T42 with a phosphorylation-mimetic aspartic acid residue (T42D) permits wild-type function in all assays of Ste50p function. These results suggest that phosphorylation of T42 of Ste50p is required for proper signaling in the mating response. However, this phosphorylation does not seem to have a detectable role in modulating the high-osmolarity glycerol synthesis pathway.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Phosphorylation of the MAPKKK regulator Ste50p in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: a casein kinase I phosphorylation site is re... Cunle Wu, Mathieu Arcand, Gregor Jansen, Mei Zhong, Tatiana ... Published: 01 October 2003
Eukaryotic Cell,
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