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Abd Ghani Khalid  - - - 
Top co-authors
Edwin H. W. Chan

16 shared publications

Department of Building and Real Estate and Research Institute of Sustainable Development, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong 99077, China

Publication Record
Distribution of Articles published per year 
(1994 - 2015)
Total number of journals
published in
Article 0 Reads 19 Citations Challenges in Delivering Green Building Projects: Unearthing the Transaction Costs (TCs) Queena Kun Qian, Edwin H. W. Chan, Abd Ghani Khalid, Edwin H... Published: 27 March 2015
Sustainability, doi: 10.3390/su7043615
DOI See at publisher website ABS Show/hide abstract
Delivering green building (GB) projects involve some activities that are atypical in comparison with conventional buildings. Such new activities are characterized by uncertainty, and they incur hidden costs that have not been expected nor are they readily appreciated among the stakeholders. This paper develops a typology and chronology to examine the new activities that are associated with transaction costs (TCs) in the real estate development process (REDP) of green building. Through in-depth interviews with representatives from the major developers in Hong Kong who have experiences in GB practice, this study aims to unearth TCs involved at the critical stages of the REDP. Apart from reconfirming the early project planning stage as the most critical in the consideration of TCs, the study results also identified “extra legal liability risk of the GB product” as the major concern for any GB developer in Hong Kong. The key additional activities that bring significant TCs in developing GB are identified and compared to their traditional counterparts. In turn, project managers not only have to pursue overall cost management whilst winning more business, but they also have to pay particular attention to sustainability in order to minimize hidden societal costs. The study also provides a reference for governments and professionals that will aid in forming policy as well as advance the practice of the GB market by optimizing the societal costs.
PROCEEDINGS-ARTICLE 6 Reads 0 Citations Uncertainty Affecting Building Energy Efficiency (BEE) Market from Transaction Costs (TCs) Perspective: A Aase Study wit... Queena K Qian, Abd Ghani Bin Khalid, Edwin H.W. Chan Published: 31 October 2013
Proceedings of The 3rd World Sustainability Forum, doi: 10.3390/wsf3-d008
DOI See at publisher website ABS Show/hide abstract
Attractive opportunities exist to reduce buildings' energy use at lower costs and higher returns in the long run. As little work done using transaction costs (TCs) approach in this area, this paper using empirical case study of Malaysia to demonstrate how TCs, especially uncertainty aspects affect the business investment of BEE by the major stakeholders, i.e. architects. To solicit views regarding BEE investment, in-depth interviews were conducted with 30 architects who work in major real estate development firms in Malaysia. This research applies transaction cost economics (TCE) to understand the underlying barriers resulting from uncertainty that prohibits the acceptance of BEE by choice. It provides a detailed analysis of the current situation and future prospects for BEE adoption through studying the impacts from three uncertainty aspects: economic, market and policy. It delineates the market and suggests possible policy solutions to overcome the uncertainties and to attain the large-scale deployment of energy-efficient building techniques. The findings indicate the uncertainties to the BEE decision-makings from both market and policy sides. It establishes the groundwork for future studies on how to choose a particular policy package and what roles government should play to solve the existing problems in BEE development.
Article 0 Reads 4 Citations An examination of the factors affecting contractors' competition strategy: a Hong Kong study Yong Tao Tan, Li Yin Shen, Abd. Ghani Khalid, Sio Chong Song Published: 01 January 2008
International Journal of Project Organisation and Management, doi: 10.1504/ijpom.2008.020026
DOI See at publisher website
Article 0 Reads 1 Citation Obsolescence in hedonic price estimation of the financial impact of commercial office buildings: The case of Kuala Lumpu... Ghani Khalid, Abd Ghani Khalid Published: 01 January 1994
Construction Management and Economics, doi: 10.1080/01446199400000005
DOI See at publisher website