The production and consumption of mushrooms of the genus Pleurotus in the present day has grown due to the fact they are a source of nutrients, are developed in a short time, and because of the diversity of substrates used in cultivation. The objective of the following work is to determine the best alternative of substrate for the cultivation of the mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus in agroindustrial waste of the sierra and the Ecuadorian Amazon (barley straw, wheat straw, bean peel, sugar cane bagasse, maize waste) in an individual form. An experimental design of a factor was used and variables were evaluated statistically such as the yield, the biological efficiency, precocity and the growth speed. The results statistically obtained indicate the barley straw as the best treatment, with a performance of 21.08%, biological efficiency of 84.83%, precocity of 18.6 days, growth speed of 5 days, pileus diameter of 4.9-5.9 cm, and protein content of 3.08%.
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EVALUATION OF AGROINDUSTRIAL RESIDUES OF THE SIERRA AND AMAZONIA IN THE OBTAINING OF MUSHROOMS Pleurotus ostreatus var. Florida.
Published: 22 December 2018 by MDPI in MOL2NET'18, Conference on Molecular, Biomed., Comput. & Network Science and Engineering, 4th ed. congress MODEC-03: Workshop on Natural Products and Agro-Industrial Procesess in Amazon, UEA, Puyo, Ecuador, 2018
Keywords: Pleurotus ostreatus, Barley straw, wheat straw, sugar cane bagasse, bean skin, corn stem, leaves and gophers, yield, biological efficiency, precocity.