This paper describes the application of a palladium (Pd)-coated tapered optical fiber in order to develop hydrogen (H2) sensor. A transducing channel was fabricated with multimode optical fiber (MMF) with cladding and core diameters of 125 µm and 62.5 µm respectively, to enhance the evanescent field of light propagation through the fiber. The multimode optical fiber was tapered from cladding diameter of 125 µm to waist diameter of 20 µm, waist-length of 10 mm, and down taper and up of 5 mm and coated with Pd using drop-casting technique. In order to establish the palladium’s properties, various characterization techniques were applied such as FESEM, EDX and XRD. The developed palladium sensor functioned reproducibly at a gas concentration of 0.125% to 1.00% H2 at room temperature in the synthetic air. In this case, the response and recovery times were 50 and 200 seconds, respectively. Furthermore, this study demonstrated that the production of a dependable, effective, and reproducible H2 sensor by applying a basic cost-effective method is possible.
Highly Sensitive Hydrogen Sensor Based on Palladium-Coated Tapered Optical Fiber at Room Temperature
Published: 14 November 2020 by MDPI in 7th International Electronic Conference on Sensors and Applications session Optical Sensors
Keywords: Tapered Optical Fiber; Hydrogen (H2) ; Palladium (Pd) ; Drop-casting technique