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The 1st International Electronic Conference on Metallurgy and Metals

Part of the International Electronic Conference on Metals series
22 Feb–7 Mar 2021

Metallurgy Technology, Mechanical Properties, Simulation, Alloy Design
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Conference Close Message from IEC2M Organizing Team

Warmest congratulations on the success of the 1st International Electronic Conference on Metallurgy and Metals (IEC2M). Many thanks for your participation.

All participants of IEC2M are welcome to submit the extended work to the Metals Special Issue "Selected Papers from the 1st International Electronic Conference on Metallurgy and Metals (IEC2M 2021)".

The winners of IEC2M Best Paper Award and Best Poster Award will be announce on 20th March 2021.

Welcome from the Chair

Dear colleagues,

It is my pleasure to invite you to join the 1st International Electronic Conference on Metallurgy and Metals (IEC2M) that will be hosted online at https:sciforum.netconferenceIEC2M

Metallurgy and Metals play a crucial role in current technology and have critical importance in addressing major societal challenges. Among them, process metallurgy (i.e., extracting metals from their ores to make refined alloys), physical metallurgy (i.e., shaping, alloying, heat treatment, joining, corrosion protection, and testing of metals), and critical metals recovery from secondary waste streams are of outstanding importance. IEC2M will present the state-of-the-art of Metallurgy and Metals related to these issues.

IEC2M 2021 will promote and advance the exciting and rapidly changing field of Metallurgy and Metals. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to the following:

1. Hydrometallurgy/Pyrometallurgy

2. Powder Metallurgy

3. Corrosion and Protection

4. Biobased and Biodegradable Metals

5. Metal Forming

6. Additive Manufacturing

7. Metal Failure

8. Metal Recycling

IEC2M 2021 will enable you to share and discuss your most recent research findings with the worldwide vibrant community of scientists and engineers in the field.

IEC2M 2021 will make your presentation accessible to hundreds of researchers worldwide, with the active engagement of the audience in question and answer sessions and discussion groups that will take place online.

Submitted abstracts will be reviewed by the conference committee. The authors of accepted contributions will be invited to produce an extended abstract for the conference proceedings along with a slide presentation of their work. Following the conference, outstanding contributions will be invited to be submitted for publication in Metals.

IEC2M 2021 is a new and exciting experience for me that I believe this event will contribute to the dissemination of knowledge despite the situation regarding Covid-19. IEC2M 2021 will contribute to the dissemination of research in an online environment that will maintain the same standards and structure of traditional conferences but will be more inclusive by eliminating the cost and time barriers that prevent participation in physical events.

I hope you will join us and present your work at IEC2M 2021, and be part of this exciting online experience.

Best regards,

Prof. Eric D. van Hullebusch

Université de Paris / Institut de physique du globe de Paris

Associate editor Metals

Chair of the 1st International Electronic Conference on Metallurgy and Metal (IEC2M)

Conference Secretariat

Ms. Harley Wang
Ms. Lyra Xing
Ms. Sunny He
Ms. Maggie Guo
Ms. Sally Xu
Conference Email Group:

Conference Chairs

Université de Paris / Institut de physique du globe de Paris

Prof. Eric D. van Hullebusch is an Associate Editor of Metals, an international open access journal publishing papers devoted to the in-depth understanding of the relationship between the structure, properties, or functions of all kinds of metals. Eric van Hullebusch is a Full Professor at Université de Paris and Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (France). Prof. van Hullebusch’s research mostly focuses on investigating the biogeochemistry of base, precious, and critical metals in engineered ecosystems dedicated to resource recovery (e.g., biohydrometallurgy). He has co-authored more than 230 papers in leading international journals, and he has been involved in editing several monographs published by Springer. See for more information

Session Chairs

Prof. Dr. José Manuel Torralba

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain


Prof. Dr. Belén Díaz Fernández

University of Vigo, Spain


Prof. Dr. Leszek Adam Dobrzanski

Medical and Dental Engineering Centre for Research, Poland


Prof. Dr. Filippo Berto

Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway


Prof. Dr. Andreas Chrysanthou

University of Hertfordshire, UK


Dr. Jae-chun Lee

Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM) and Korea University of Science and Technology (KUST), Korea


Dr. Alex Lanzutti

Università degli Studi di Udine, Italy


Prof. Dr. João Pedro Oliveira

Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal


Prof. Dr. Mónica Campos

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain


Advisory Committee

Prof. Dr. Alexandre Chagnes

University of Lorraine, France

Research Keywords
hydrometallurgy; electrochemistry of lithium–ion batteries; solution chemistry; recycling

Prof. Dr. Nader Asnafi

Örebro University, Sweden

Research Keywords
metal forming, metal additive manufacturing, generative design, topology optimization, lightweighting, tools and dies, circular life cycle

Prof. Dr. Francisco J. G. Silva

Polytechnic Institute of Porto, Portugal

Research Keywords
wear, hard coatings, materials, manufacturing processes (machining, welding, forming, die-cast injection, plastic moulding), industrial management

Prof. Dr. Elena Gordo

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain

Research Keywords
powder metallurgy; titanium alloys; metal-ceramic composites; surface treatments; additive manufacturing

Prof. Dr. Eric Hug

Normandy University, France

Research Keywords
plasticity mechanisms; plasticity modelisation; dislocations and twinning; size effects in metals; corrosion; magnetic and electrical properties; spark plasma sintering; additive manufacturing

Dr. George Pantazopoulos

ELKEME - Hellenic Research Centre for Metals S.A, Greece

Research Keywords
failure analysis; fracture analysis; fractography; fracture mechanics; mechanical behavior of materials; metallography; scanning electron microscopy; manufacturing technology; materials processing; machinability; surface engineering; corrosion; tribology; quality assurance; design of experiments

Prof. Dr. David M. Bastidas

The University of Akron, USA

Research Keywords
corrosion; inhibition; electrochemistry; materials performance; reinforced concrete structures

Prof. Dr. Martin Leitner

Graz University of Technology, Austria

Research Keywords
fatigue design; technological aspects; modern fatigue approaches; fatigue strength of cast aluminum

Dr. Alessandra Varone

University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy

Research Keywords
liquid metals; welding; high temperature materials; steels; sintering; electron microscopy (TEM, SEM); surface analyses (XPS, AES); X-ray diffraction; mechanical spectroscopy

Dr. Srecko Stopic

RWTH Aachen University, Germany

Research Keywords
Hydrometallurgy; recycling; nanotechnology; waste water treatment; recycling; materials engineering; environmental protection

IEC2M Live Session

On 25 February 2021, Prof. Dr. Eric D. van Hullebusch chaired the live session of The 1st International Electronic Conference on Metallurgy and Metals.

Prof. Dr. João Pedro Oliveira first described recent technological variants in Wire and Arc Additive Manufacturing (WAAM) of advanced engineering alloys to control defect formation and microstructure. Special emphasis was given to a hot forging WAAM, recently developed by his current research team. His presentation was not recorded upon his request.

Dr. Akira Otsuki then presented his research in metal recovery for sustainable resource utilization, including the sustainable beneficiation of complex primary and secondary raw materials (fluorescent powders and printed circuit board).

After each speaker presentation, a Q&A session moderated by the conference chair was held to answer all questions submitted by live online audience.

The live session was offered via Zoom and free registration was required for attendance. The recording can be found below.
Speaker: Prof. Dr. João Pedro Oliveira

Prof. Dr. João Pedro Oliveira is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering at Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa. So far, he has published more than 75 peer-reviewed papers and has a Scopus h-index of 23. He has also presented several oral communications and posters at international conferences. He currently supervises four PhD students and co-supervises another three. He has led multiple industrial and fundamental research projects in the areas of welding and joining. In total he has been granted up to around €800,000 in research projects. His research activities and participation in seminar and training schools allowed him to acquire competences in several characterization techniques such as SEM, TEM, X-ray diffraction using both conventional and synchrotron radiation sources, thermal analysis, and mechanical testing, among others. His research interests include weldability and the correlation between the microstructure and mechanical behavior of different classes of materials, such as shape memory alloys, Co-based superalloys, high-entropy alloys, and stainless steels. Additionally, João has a special interest in additive manufacturing techniques.

Speaker: Dr. Akira Otsuki

Dr. Akira Otsuki is a faculty member of ENSG, GeoRessources Laboratory, University of Lorraine (FR), a guest professor in non-destructive characterization and selective material recovery at Lulea University of Technology (SE), and a visiting researcher in Neutron Beam Technology Team at RIKEN (JP). He received his PhD in 2007 in Geosystem Engineering from The University of Tokyo, Japan. He is a member of several academic societies, including Int. Waste Working Group. He has been acting as journal editors and also organizing journal special issues relevant to nondestructive characterization/testing and selective material recovery, including “Advances in Characterization of Heterogeneous Metals/Alloys”. Dr. Otsuki’s research is specialized in the area of characterization and processing of complex materials which include colloids, waste materials, and natural ores. He has extensive exchange programs with different research and academic institutions around the world and is performing world class collaborative research in characterization and processing.

Instructions for Authors


Submissions should be made by authors online by registering with, and using the "New Submission" function once logged into the system.

  1. Scholars interested in participating in the conference can submit their abstract (about 200–300 words) online on this website until 7 January 2021.
  2. The Conference Committee will notify authors of the acceptance of their abstract by 17 January 2021.
  3. In case of acceptance, authors will be asked to submit their manuscript, along with a presentation and optionally a video presentation of his/her paper (only PDF), until the submission deadline of 7 February 2021.
  4. The manuscripts and presentations will be available on for discussion and rating during the time of the conference from 22 February-7 March 2021.
  5. The open access journal Metals will publish a Special Issue of the conference proceedings papers (
  6. All accepted extended abstracts will be published as one dedicated volume in MDPI Materials Proceedings series journals (ISSN 2673-4605,
  7. After the conference, the Conference Committee will recommend manuscripts that may be included for publication in this Special Issue.
Proceedings Paper

Manuscripts for the proceedings issue must have the following organization:

  • Title
  • Full author names
  • Affiliations (including full postal address) and authors' e-mail addresses
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results and Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • (Acknowledgements)
  • References

Manuscripts should be prepared in MS Word or any other word processor and should be converted to PDF format before submission. The publication format will be PDF. The manuscript should be at least three pages (incl. figures, tables, and references). There is no page limit on the length, although authors are asked to keep their papers as concise as possible.

Presentation Slides

Authors are encouraged to prepare a presentation in PowerPoint or similar software, to be displayed online along with the manuscript. Slides, if available, will be displayed directly on the website using the proprietary slide viewer. Slides can be prepared in the same way as for any traditional conference where research results are presented. Slides should be converted to PDF format before submission so that our process can easily and automatically convert them for online display.

Video Presentations

Besides their active participation within the forum, authors are also encouraged to submit video presentations. If you are interested in submitting a video presentation, please contact the conference organizer at to find out more about the procedure. This is a unique way of presenting your paper and discussing it with peers from all over the world. Make a difference and join us for this project!

Presentation of Posters

Authors that wish to present a poster only, i.e., without a proceedings paper, can do so in section I. Posters of this conference. Posters will be available on this conference website during and after the event. Like papers presented at the conference, participants will be able to ask questions and make comments about the posters. Posters that are submitted without a paper will not be included in the proceedings of the conference.

Submission of Manuscripts

Submission: Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in.

Accepted File Formats

  • MS Word: Manuscripts prepared in MS Word must be converted into a single file before submission. When preparing manuscripts in MS Word, the Electronic Conference on Surfaces, Coatings, and Interfaces Microsoft Word template file (see download below) must be used. Please do not insert any graphics (schemes, figures, etc.) into a movable frame which can superimpose the text and make the layout very difficult。
  • LaTeX: Manuscripts prepared in LaTeX must be collated into one ZIP folder (include all source files and images, so that the Conference Secretariat can recompile the submitted PDF). When preparing manuscripts in LaTeX, please use the 6th Electronic Conference on Sensors and Applications LaTeX template files.

For Microsoft Word template file, please click here.

For LaTex template file, please click here.

Manuscript Preparation

Paper Format: A4 paper format, the printing area is 17.5 cm × 26.2 cm. The margins should be 1.75 cm on each side of the paper (top, bottom, left, and right sides).

  • Formatting/Style: Papers should be prepared following the style of Metals. The full titles and the cited papers must be given. Reference numbers should be placed in square brackets [ ], and placed before the punctuation; for example, [1,2], [3], or [1–3], and all the references should be listed separately and as the last section at the end of the manuscript.
  • Author List and Affiliation Format: Authors' full first and last names must be given. Abbreviated middle names can be added. For papers written by various contributors, a corresponding author must be designated. The PubMed/MEDLINE format is used for affiliations: complete street address information including city, zip code, state/province, country, and email address should be added. All authors who contributed significantly to the manuscript (including writing a section) should be listed on the first page of the manuscript, below the title of the article. Other parties, who provided only minor contributions, should be listed under Acknowledgments only. A minor contribution might be a discussion with the author, reading through the draft of the manuscript, or performing English corrections.
  • Figures, Schemes, and Tables: Authors are encouraged to prepare figures and schemes in color. Full color graphics will be published free of charge. Figures and schemes must be numbered (Figure 1, Scheme I, Figure 2, Scheme II, etc.) and an explanatory title must be added. Tables should be inserted into the main text, and numbers and titles for all tables supplied. All table columns should have an explanatory heading. Please supply legends for all figures, schemes, and tables. The legends should be prepared as a separate paragraph of the main text and placed in the main text before a table, figure, or scheme.

For further inquiries please contact us at

Potential Conflicts of Interest

It is the authors' responsibility to identify and declare any personal circumstances or interests that may be perceived as inappropriately influencing the representation or interpretation of clinical research. If there is no conflict, please state here "The authors declare no conflict of interest." This should be conveyed in a separate "Conflict of Interest" statement preceding the "Acknowledgments" and "References" sections at the end of the manuscript. Financial support for the study must be fully disclosed under the "Acknowledgments" section.


MDPI, the publisher of the platform, is an open access publisher. We believe that authors should retain the copyright to their scholarly works. Hence, by submitting a Communication paper to this conference, you retain the copyright of your paper, but you grant MDPI the non-exclusive right to publish this paper online on the platform. This means you can easily submit your paper to any scientific journal at a later stage and transfer the copyright to its publisher (if required by that publisher).

List of accepted submissions (31)

Id Title Authors Presentation Video Poster PDF
sciforum-042633 Leaching kinetics of tellurium, selenium and silver from copper anode slime by sulfuric acid leaching in the presence of manganese(IV) oxide and graphite , , , , N/A Poster PDF Show Abstract
sciforum-041638 Niobium oxide and tantalum oxide micro- and nanostructures grown using material recovered from mining tailings , , , , , N/A N/A Show Abstract
sciforum-041937 Defect reduction through modelling plastic deformation and metallurgical evolution in ferritic stainless steels. , , N/A N/A Show Abstract
sciforum-041938 Microstructural and thermomechanical simulation of the additive manufacturing process in 316L austenitic stainless steel , , , , , N/A Poster PDF Show Abstract
sciforum-041953 Bubble Behavior on Horizontal and Vertical Carbon Anode Surfaces in Cryolite Melt Applying a See-Through Cell


Submitted: 10 Dec 2020

Abstract: Show Abstract
, N/A Poster PDF Show Abstract

Event Awards

The Awards
We are pleased to announce that the IEC2M Best Paper Award and Best Poster Award were granted to :
Best paper award 500 CHF Best poster award 500 CHF

Understanding Hot Cracking of Steels during Rapid Solidifi-cation: an ICME Approach

Fuyao Yan, Jiayi Yan and David Linder

Leaching Kinetics of Selenium, Tellurium and Silver from Copper Anode Slime by Sulfuric Acid Leaching in the Presence of Manganese(IV) Oxide and Graphite

Kurniawan Kurniawan, Jae-chun Lee, Jonghyun Kim, Rina Kim and Sookyung Kim

The Awards
Best Paper Award

Number of Awards Available: 1

The Best Paper Award is given for the paper judged to make the most significant contribution to the conference.
Best Poster Award

Number of Awards Available: 1

The Best Poster Award has been established to recognize the scientific merit exhibited in poster presentation and preparation.

Sponsors and Partners


Media Partners