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Lipid profile versus effect of rehabilitation in patients with stroke at a chronic stage of recovery – preliminary study
* 1 , * 2 , * 1 , * 1
1  Institute of Health Sciences, Medical College, University of Rzeszów, Poland
2  Excelsior Health and Rehabilitation Hospital, Iwonicz-Zdrój, Poland
Academic Editor: Stephen Meriney (registering DOI)

Background: Assessment of the impact of lipid profile on the effects of rehabilitation in individuals with stroke at a chronic stage of recovery, relative to the type of stroke, sex and BMI.

Methods: The study was conducted in a spa facility and involved 24 patients with chronic stroke, aged over 50 years. The patients were divided into two groups, comprising those with normal and with elevated lipid profile values. All the patients received spa therapy in course of a three-week rehabilitation program at a health resort. The examinations were carried out twice: Exam I upon admission to and Exam II on the day of discharge from the spa facility. The study assessed the lipid panel values in relation to the effectiveness of the rehabilitation program, as reflected by scores in Barthel scale, Berg scale, and Rankin scale.

Results: The present study showed a statistically significant relationship in the short-term exam with Rankin scale in patients with ischemic stroke (p=0.047). It was also observed that both the short-term and the long-term effect measured with Berg scale tended to decrease with higher LDL (rho= -0.738) and with higher total cholesterol (rho= -0.740) in patients with obesity.

Conclusions: The present study showed a difference in the effects of rehabilitation in patients with normal lipid profile values versus those with high lipid profile values relative to the type of stroke. Better effects of rehabilitation were observed in patients with ischemic stroke. Furthermore, effectiveness of the rehabilitation program according to Berg scale was lower in patients with obesity and with higher LDL and CH. However, the current findings must be treated as preliminary due to the small size of the study group. Further research should take into account a larger population of patients at a chronic stage of recovery post-stroke.

Keywords: stroke, lipid profile, spa rehabilitation, chronic stage
Comments on this paper
Lydia Giménez-Llort
Further research
Looking forward to see confirmative results in a larger sample population!