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Covid -19 and functional food-Exploring ayurvedic knowledge on food habits and dietary preparations in human health w.s.r to pathya kalpana (wholesome diet)
* 1 , * 2 , 3 , 4
1  PG scholar,department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana(medicinal chemistry and pharmacy),Amrita school of Ayurveda,Amritapuri,Amrita viswa vidyapeetham,India
2  Assosiate professor,department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana(medicinal chemistry and pharmacy),Amrita school of Ayurveda,Amritapuri,Amrita viswa vidyapeetham,India
3  Assistant professor,department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana(medicinal chemistry and pharmacy),Amrita school of Ayurveda,Amritapuri,Amrita viswa vidyapeetham,India
4  Professor&HOD,department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana(medicinal chemistry and pharmacy),Amrita school of Ayurveda,Amritapuri,Amrita viswa vidyapeetham,India
Academic Editor: Antonello Santini

https://doi.org/10.3390/Foods2021-10965 (registering DOI)
Abstract:

During the COVID-19 epidemic, there were various dietary and nutrition-related issues. Higher retail prices, along with decreasing earnings, are causing an increasing number of households to limit their food consumption in quantity and quality.

Recent data suggest that SARS-CoV2 affect respiratory system as well as other organs in human. It reflects the human immune system’s complexity in protecting against invading infections or foreign substances. Studies revealed that gut microbiota plays an important role in pulmonary mucosal immunity and protect from respiratory infections. Diet, Environmental factors and genetics play an important role in shaping the gut microbiota, which can affect immunity. People who consume a well-balanced diet and following dietary habits have stronger immune systems and are less likely to get chronic illnesses and infectious diseases.

Currently there is no recognized food that can stop covid19.A healthy and varied diet, nutrition and dietary habits on the other hand, can help to support and regulate immune response to viral infections. Foods that have a potential positive impact on health beyond basic nutrition are known as functional foods. Functional foods, according to proponents, promote optimal health and help lower illness risk.

The purpose of discussing Pathya kalpana is to emphasize the importance of diet in preserving physical health and treating numerous aliments in an individual, as well as mental health. We can use nutrition as a source of healing by learning how to make foods that are best suited to our mind and body. Ayurvedic pathya kalpana is convenient, affordable and healthy alternatives and it represents functional food as it provide a health advantage in addition to the nutrients.

Keywords: covid-19, pathya kalpana, functional food, immunity, gut microbiota
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