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Propelling the Penetration of Electric Vehicles in Pakistan by Optimal Placement of Charging Stations
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1  Lahore University Of Management Sciences (LUMS)
Academic Editor: Dibyendu Sarkar


The world is rapidly advancing towards electrification of mobility owing to the substantial emission reduction benefits. Ensuing International trend and environmental obligations, the Government of Pakistan (GOP) also intended to adopt 30@30 plug-in-Electric vehicles (PEVs) penetration across the country, which implies 30 percent of the new sale is of the PEVs till 2030. Despite the GOP introduced policy guidelines as well as incentives for vehicle fleet electrification and indigenization, the foremost challenge is the lack of PEVs charging infrastructure placement plan for a country. In this regard, an optimal locality map for Level-3 or direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations installation is proposed considering the traffic volume, service area, and local grid facility while ensuring the availability of charging stations across the major networks of the country. The focused area for this is National Highway 5, known as N5 and Motorway 2 (M-2) network. The paper also provides insights on the techno-economic analysis of the proposed charging stations installation spots. The results are extremely encouraging which reveals proposed PEVs charging stations under observation on the highways from Lahore to Islamabad consumed electricity share of 3MW-0.13 MW based on minimum to maximum traffic volume scenario respectively. The study is impactful which is ultimately a way forward for aggravation of the EV market share by considering the initial investment and a payback period of 7 months. By the help of this study a better planning in terms of EV penetration size and its requirement for public DCFC stations is implemented and the exact recipe for the growth of supportive industry with the pace of PEVs perforation can be executed.

Keywords: PEVs ;Optimal Location; DCFC; Route node coverage ;Techno-economic analysis