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Urban Architecture as Connective-collective Intelligence. Nodes and Resources of 'Sustainable Developments' in Times of Crisis
* 1 , 2 , ,
1  Department of Architecture, University of Bologna,Via Risorgimento 5, 40126, Bologna, Italy
2  Centre de Recherche sur l’Habitat (CRH), UMR-CNRS, 7218-Lavue, France

Published: 30 October 2012 by MDPI in The 2nd World Sustainability Forum session Sustainable Urban Development
Abstract: During the 20th century, with the advent of the industrial society and globalization, the language of planning changed according to the shifts in perception and use of physical space. By borrowing terms and spatial forms from biology and cybernetics, it increased their original semantic connotations. This paper outlines when the definition of architecture as connective-collective intelligence moved from cognitive sciences to urban design, where spontaneous and collective initiatives that redefined communication forms of urban life multiplied and intensified, both in developments and public space until it even affected the procedure of transmission of traditional knowledge.
Keywords: Urban architecture; Sustainable developments; City as a ‘complex adaptive system; ‘Thinkering’; ‘Uncertain models’; ‘Collective mind’.