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Beneficals effects of Ketogenic Diet on hepatic inflammation in obese mice model.
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1  UR3072 - CRBS, University of Strasbourg, France
Academic Editor: Nick Bellissimo


Rationale: Obesity is associated with a low-grade inflammation, characterized by the secretion of inflammatory mediators. In the liver, they contribute to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) development and its progression toward higher risk cirrhotic states. Ketogenic diet (KD), a high-fat and low-carbohydrate diet, seems to present anti-inflammatory properties which could reduce NASH development. However, the mechanisms involved in its beneficial effects remain unclear.

Methods: Obesity was induced in C57/Bl6 mice (n=20) by using a high-fat high-sugar diet (HFD). After 16 weeks of HFD, mice were split into 2 groups for 6 weeks: KD mice (n=10) and HFD mice (n=10). At the end of the 22-week protocol, we measured liver weight, hepatic lipid accumulation and inflammatory infiltrates with histological staining, and hepatic gene expression by RT-qPCR. Both HFD and KD were isocaloric and compared with a control diet (Ctrl) group of mice (n=10).

Results: After 22 weeks of HFD, mice developped obesity (+82% of weight gain, p<0.001) associated with an increase of weight liver (+113%, p<0.001) and an hepatic lipid accumulation (+158%, p<0.001), compared with Ctrl. RT-qPCR revealed an increase of TNFa (p<0.05), IL-1 (p<0.05) and collagen 1 (p<0.01) gene expression, but no changes of IL-10, TGFb and IFNg, compared to Ctrl. Histological staining showed an important steatosis and inflammatory infiltrates. Compared to HFD, 6 weeks of KD allow to reduce the liver weight (-31%, p<0.01), the inflammatory inflitratres, and decreased IL-6 (p<0.05) and collagen 1 (p<0.05) gene expression. But KD had no effect on hepatic lipid accumulation and on IL-1, TNFa, IFNg, IL-10 gene expression, compared to HFD.

Conclusions: Isolcaloric KD demonstrates beneficial effects regarding hepatic fibrosis and inflammation, preventing NASH development. These results prove the importance of reducing sugar intake and suggest that KD could be an effective strategy to reduce NASH progression.

Keywords: Obesity ; NASH ; Ketogenic Diet ; Inflammation