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The iridoids of in vitro propagated Nepeta cyrenaica Quézel & Zaffran
* 1 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 1 , 1 , 3, 4 , 1
1  University of Belgrade, Faculty of Biology, Institute of Botany and Botanical Garden “Jevremovac”, Belgrade, Serbia
2  University of Belgrade, Institute for Biological Research "Siniša Stanković"- National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia
3  University of Al-Zintan, Faculty of Science, Zintan, Libya
4  National Research Center for Tropical and Transboundary Diseases, Zintan, Libya
Academic Editor: Alfredo Berzal-Herranz

Published: 01 November 2022 by MDPI in 8th International Electronic Conference on Medicinal Chemistry session General

Nepeta cyrenaica Quézel & Zaffran (Lamiaceae), an endemic species of the Libyan flora, has been scarcely explored till now. Since Nepeta species are proved as pharmacologically active plants rich in iridoid monoterpenes, this study was aimed to quantify the iridoids present in different extracts of in vitro propagated N. cyrenaica. The seeds collected from natural habitat were germinated. One node stem explants of 5 weeks old plants were used for plant micropropagation. After several cycles, the shoots were harvested. The extraction was done using maceration procedure by dichloromehane, methanol, 96% ethanol, and hot distilled water. Subsequently, the extracts were subjected to UHPLC/(±)HESI-MS2 analysis of iridoids. Two iridoids were identified and quantified, namely epideoxyloganic acid and nepetalactol, as well as their precursor 8-oxogeranial. Iridoid glucoside epideoxyloganic acid was the most abundant in the methanolic and ethanolic extracts (1255.37 and 1262.78 µg/100g dry extract), followed by aqueous extract. On the other hand, 8-oxogeranial and nepetalactol reached maximal amounts in the dichloromethane extract (476.80 and 1039.52 µg/100g dry extract, respectively). The results of this study indicate that high antioxidant and enzyme-inhibiting effects of dichloromethane extract confirmed in our previous study could be attributed to its iridoid content, which was particularly high due to the low polarity of this extraction solvent. In conclusion, endemic N. cyrenaica could be efficiently propagated in vitro as a iridoid-rich plant with great biological potential.

Keywords: Nepeta cyrenaica; in vitro propagarion; extracts; iridoids