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Thiazolopyrimidine as a Promising Anticancer Pharmacophore: In Silico Drug Design, Molecular Docking and ADMET prediction Studies
* 1, 2 , 1 , 1 , 1
1  Department of Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Mansoura, 35516, Egypt.
2  Faculty of Pharmacy, New Mansoura University, New Mansoura, Egypt.
Academic Editor: Maria Emília Sousa


Thiazolopyrimidines are well known to be designed to act as bio-isosteric analogues of purine nucleus. They proved to show a wide range of biological activities; such as anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antiviral and antitubercular activity. In this study, a literature survey was thoroughly performed to elect the most active thiazolopyrimidine-containing scaffolds; acting as anticancer agents; to be subjected to extensive computational studies in order to explore the possible credible mode of their anticancer activity. First, drug-likeness was investigated for the most active derivatives, followed by molecular docking study against CDK, VEGFR and PI3K enzymes to assess their binding energy and propose the mode of action. Then, contact preference and surface mapping studies were carried out to explain the presence of remarkable affinity of certain analogues towards a specific enzyme, in addition to providing more information about their activity. Finally, physicochemical properties, Lipinski's rule of five and ADMET prediction studies were applied to predict the best route of administration and to suggest the pharmacokinetics of the most promising candidates.

Keywords: Thiazolopyrimidines; anticancer; computational studies; molecular docking; ADMET prediction