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Synthesis of new purine nucleosides as potential metal chelators and anticholinesterase agents
* 1, 2 , 1 , 1 , 3 , 3 , 3 , 4 , 4 , 4 , 4 , 3 , 1
1  Centro de Química Estrutural-Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa
2  NOVA School of Science and Technology
3  Centro de Química Estrutural-Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa
4  Università degli Studi di Bari, Dipartimento di Farmacia-Scienze del Farmaco
Academic Editor: Maria Emília Sousa


Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by multiple factors such as the progressive decline of the levels of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, and the deregulation of the homeostasis of bio-metals such as copper, zinc and iron.

Acetylcholine is hydrolyzed by acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase and the current therapeutic strategies are based on the treatment of AD patients with these enzymes’ inhibitors. Although these strategies are focused on disease’s symptomatic relief, recent studies have shown that the long-term use of these drugs may lead to disease modifying benefits.

The deregulation of the bio-metals’ homeostasis has been related to oxidative stress and to the induction of Ab aggregation and of tau hyperphosphorylation and aggregation.

Since AD is a multifactorial disease, discovering a multi-target drug could be an interesting challenge leading to a disease modifying therapy. In this context, mannosylpurines synthesized in our group already showed a potent butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibition. Aiming at the discovery of such multitarget drug candidates, we have synthesized a new series of mannosyl and rhamnosylpurines and evaluated copper chelation and cholinesterases’ inhibition. The results obtained will be presented and discussed.

Keywords: Nucleosides; synthesis; cholinesterase inhibitors; metal chelation; Alzheimer's disease