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Evaluation of the anti-cancer activity of goji leaves extracts against HT-29-MTX colon cancer cell line
1 , 2 , 3 , 3 , 4 , * 1
1  Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biology, University of Bucharest, 91-95 Splaiul Independentei, 050095 Bucharest, Romania
2  Faculty of Pharmacy, Aix-Marseille University U105,27 Boulevard Jean Moulin, 13385 Marseille, France
3  National University of Science and Technology POLITEHNICA Bucharest, Pitesti University Center
4  Departament of Anatomy, Animal Physiology and Biophysics, Faculty of Biology, University of Bucharest, 91-95 Splaiul Independentei, 050095 Bucharest, Romania
Academic Editor: Antonello Santini


This study investigated the anti-proliferative effects of Lycium chinense leaf extracts obtained using microwave assisted extraction (MAE) and ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE). The plant material was subjected to a solvent mixture containing 60% ethanol and 40% distilled water, with a plant-to-solvent ratio of 1:10. Both MAE and UAE induced inflammation in a time and concentration-dependent manner on colon cancer HT29-MTX cells, with MAE being more potent. Cell viability decreased with increasing polyphenol concentration, and MAE showed a stronger impact. Oxidative stress was induced in HT29-MTX cancer cells by a concentration of 250 μg/ml polyphenols from these extracts, as evidenced by decreased catalase activity, increased oxidized protein levels, and fluctuations in GSH concentration. Notably, MAE upregulated p53 expression after 24 hours, indicating apoptosis initiation, followed by a slight reduction, possibly related to cancer cell resistance mechanisms. Both extracts exhibited anti-proliferative activity, but MAE was more effective. Overall, the findings highlight the promising potential of MAE extract from Goji leaves in targeting colon cancer cells through its effects on cell viability, inflammation, and oxidative stress. These insights provide a basis for exploring Goji leaves extracts' therapeutic applications in cancer treatment and prevention, but further investigation is needed to understand the underlying mechanisms fully.

Keywords: colon cells; cancer; Goji leaves extracts; apoptosis