Solving Optimal Power Flow Problem in Power Systems using Mountain Gazelle Algorithm
* 1 , 2 , 3
1  Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Batna 2, Batna, 05078, Algeria.
2  Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Mostaganem, Mostaganem, 27000, Algeria.
3  Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafr El Sheikh, 6860404, Egypt.

Abstract:

The optimal power flow (OPF) is one of the fundamental mathematical tools currently used to operate power systems with the technical limits of the transmission power system. To determine OPF, a highly non-linear complex problem, it is essential to research power system planning and control. This study presents a practical and trustworthy optimization approach for the OPF problem in electrical transmission power systems. Many intelligence optimization algorithms and methods have recently been developed to solve the OPF, particularly the non-linear complex optimization problems. In this paper, a novel meta-heuristic algorithm called the mountain gazelle optimizer (MGO) is suggested for solving the OPF problem. The suggested algorithm applies the improved three single objective functions to the MGO algorithm for the best OPF issue control variable settings. Three objective functions that reflect the minimization of generating fuel cost, the minimizing of active power loss, and the minimizing of voltages deviations have been used to investigate and test the proposed algorithm on the standard IEEE 30-bus test system. The simulation results demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed MGO algorithm, the fuel costs are reduced by 11.407 %, power losses are considerably decreased by 51.016 % and enhancing voltage profile is significantly reduced by 91.501 %. Furthermore, the outcomes produced by the proposed algorithm have also been contrasted with outcomes produced by applying other comparable optimization algorithms published in recent years. The optimal results are encouraging and demonstrate the resilience and efficacy of the suggested strategy.

Keywords: optimal power flow; transmission power system; generating fuel cost; active power loss; voltage deviation; mountain gazelle optimizer.