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Does an auxin-adjuvant urea derivative interfere with the vascular pattern formation? Preliminary results
1 , 2 , 3 , * 4
1  Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, della Vita e della Sostenibilità Ambientale, Università di Parma. Parma, Italy
2  Dipartimento di Scienze Matematiche, Fisiche e Informatiche, Università di Parma, Parma, Italy
3  Dipartimento di Scienze degli Alimenti e del Farmaco, Università di Parma, Parma, Italy
4  Department of Chemistry, Life Sciences and Environmental Sustainability
Academic Editor: Luigi De Bellis


The vascular system is essential for land plants by providing long-distance transportation for water, nutrients, and signaling molecules. Our knowledge about its structure comes from the study of the continuous conductive system of Arabidopsis leaves, composed of interconnected veins organized in a hierarchical network: single primary veins, loops of secondary veins, lateral veins, marginal veins, and tertiary-connected veins. Auxin is a key factor guiding the vascular network differentiation in all organs, and continuous polar auxin transportation reflects the continuity of conductive tissues. Indeed, auxin cell-to-cell movement involves at least influx and efflux carriers located at the plasma membrane (AUX1/LIKE AUX1 family and PIN-FORMED family, respectively) and receptor/receptors through which an auxin signaling mechanism operates. According to the canalization hypothesis, auxin induces the formation of self-organizing channels via a feedback regulation of its own transport.

Auxin-binding protein 1 (ABP1) is the first auxin-binding protein identified, predominantly located in the endoplasmic reticulum, while a small fraction remains in the apoplast. In this acidic region, it binds with auxin by acting as a receptor that mediates auxin canalization.

Here, we report preliminary results based on the interference between ABP1 and an auxin-adjuvant urea derivative, the N,N'-bis(2,3-methylenedioxyphenyl)urea (2,3-MDPU).

The simple and regular vein patterns of Arabidopsis cotyledons will be used to study the effects of this urea derivative on vascular development.

Keywords: Vasculature; ABP1 receptor; urea derivative