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Growth of nanotubes inside eDIPS carbon nanotubes
1  Centre for Advanced Materials Application (CEMEA), Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 5807/9, 845 11 Bratislava, Slovakia
Academic Editor: Blaž Likozar


The growth of carbon nanotubes is a very important process. It is controlled by the synthesis parameters, such as the catalysts, the catalyst support, the carbon source, temperature, and pressure. There are the different experimental setups for this method. The results of the conducted work are the following. Here, pristine outer single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are obtained by means of enhanced direct injection pyrolytic synthesis (eDIPS), and they have a diameter of 1.7 nm [1]. The filling of the SWCNTs with ferrocene is performed using the gas phase method at 3500C in a quartz ampoule sealed under an ultrahigh vacuum. The annealing of the ferrocene-filled SWCNTs leads to the growth of the inner SWCNTs with different diameters. Therefore, double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs) are formed. I analyze all DWCNTs using the Raman spectroscopy method with different laser wavelengths between 458 and 647 nm. The growth process is traced at different annealing temperatures between 500 and 10000C. The temperature difference of about 700C is found for the diameter difference of about 0.16 nm.

[1] Saito T., Ohshima S., Okazaki T., Ohmori S., Yumura M., Iijima S. Selective Diameter Control of Single−Walled Carbon Nanotubes in the Gas−Phase Synthesis. J. Nanosci. Nanotech. 2008. V. 8. N. 11. P. 6153 − 6157.

Keywords: carbon nanotube; growth; catalyst; metallocene