Please login first
The evolution of defect formation during the deposition of thin layers of ZnO on the surface of hierarchical porous silicon and subsequent multi-stage annealing
* 1 , 2
1  Institute of Physics and Technology, Satbayev University
2  Satbayev university
Academic Editor: Blaž Likozar


Research on the formation of substances at different hierarchy levels of structure is a promising scientific direction. The multilevel surface of the sample was obtained via the electrochemical etching of silicon and the subsequent deposition of thin layers of zinc oxide via spray pyrolysis. Studies using the "Box counting" method revealed fractal properties at macro-, micro-, and nano-levels of the investigated surfaces.

It is known that the sensor responses depend on the level of ordering regarding particles of matter. If the structure is regular and the degree of fractality is high, the exciting signal moves along a short trajectory at a given speed. If there is a local deviation in the wave, the path length and the duration of the response increase.

The growth of structures in a certain direction with predetermined properties is due to the nature of the interaction between paramagnetic centers. EPR studies on samples showed the presence of a hyperfine spectrum structure, where the splitting of levels is the result of the influence of two different nuclei on the paramagnetic center. The sequential annealing of samples at a gradually increasing temperature led to the manifestation of the complex character of the signal from the trapped charges. Based on the variety of EPR signal saturation mechanisms, ZnO synthesis occurred at the boundaries of porous hierarchy structures with different sizes.

Paramagnetic centers are involved in the movement of charges through a jumping mechanism. At the same time, the highest concentration of particles with dangling bonds is located at the boundaries of structures (pores and clusters). Consequently, with an increase in the number of surface structures, the velocity of charge movement increases. This mechanism significantly enhances the sensitivity of sensors, the surface of which includes several levels of hierarchy.

Keywords: levels of the hierarchy, fractal properties, sensor response, hyperfine structure of EPR spectrum, EPR signal saturation