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Exact structure of bacteriophage T4 and infection: Stopping Escherichia coli
1 , * 2
1  Instituto Universitario de Medio Ambiente y Ciencias Marinas, Universidad Católica de Valencia San Vicente Mártir, Guillem de Castro-94, 46003 València, Spain
2  Institut Universitari de Ciència Molecular, Universitat de València, Edifici d’Instituts de Paterna, P. O. Box 22085, 46071 València , Spain

Abstract: Experimental–theoretical works explain the energetics of the packing of a virus with deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and the injection of the DNA into a cell. Washing has a limited effect on enteric viruses in food. Alternatives are needed to acidic matrixes. Feline calicivirus is not a good control model. Various protocols are being prepared. New challenges are: new methods, impact of new technologies, significance of detection, new virus models and emergent–re-emergent viruses. The forthcoming step is to re-develop the virus to direct it and contain the most common contaminants in food: salmonella, listeria, staphylococcus and Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Keywords: T4 bacteriophage, Escherichia coli, O157:H7, food contamination, food epidemic