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Temperature Dependence of Magnetic Resonance Sensors for Embedding into Constructed Wetlands
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1  Nottingham Trent University

Abstract: Constructed wetlands are an environmentally considerate means of water purification. Automating parameters such as heating and aeration may extend the lifetime of constructed wetlands and allow for superior waste-water treatment. One critical parameter to monitor in a wetland system is clogging of pores within the gravel matrix, as this limits the viable lifetime of the system. It has previously been observed in a laboratory setting that magnetic resonance (MR) relaxation measurements, T1 and T2eff, can be used to characterise the clogging state. Various open-geometry MR sensors have been constructed using permanent neodymium magnets with the view of long-term embedding as part of the EU FP7 project ARBI (Automated Reed Bed Installations). The ultimate aim is to monitor clogging levels over the lifetime of the reed bed using MR techniques. One issue with taking various MR measurements over such an extreme time scale, in this case years, is that temperature fluctuations will significantly alter the magnetic field strength produced by the sensors constituent magnets. While the RF transmit-receive circuit has been built so that MR can still be conducted at a range of frequencies without altering the tuning or matching of the circuit, this will result in poor RF excitation if the magnetic field strength shifts significantly. This work investigates the effect that temperature has on the a MR sensor intended for embedding, to determine whether received signal intensity is compromised significantly at large temperature changes.
Keywords: Constructed wetland, magnetic resonance, Halbach, clogging, relaxation