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Periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMO-ICS): a highly efficient nanocatalyst for the one-pot multicomponent reactions
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1  Department of Chemistry, Iran University of Science and Technology, Pharmaceutical and Biologically-Active Compounds Research Laboratory, Tehran, Iran.


Isocyanurate bridging periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMO-ICS) was shown to be a highly active and efficient recyclable catalyst for three-component synthesis of imidazole derivatives from benzoin, different aldehydes and ammonium acetate under mild reaction conditions in short reaction times and good to excellent yields in EtOH. Also, benzimidazole derivatives were efficiently prepared from o-phenylenediamine and different aldehydes in the presence of PMO-ICS. Moreover, the catalyst was also recovered and reused at least four times without significant decrease in its reactivity. The PMO-ICS catalyst was characterizred by Fourier transformer infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetry analysis (TGA), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and nitrogen adsorption–desorption isotherms (NADI) techniques as well as scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM).

Keywords: Green chemistry, Heterogeneous catalyst, Periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMO), Multicomponent reactions, Imidazoles.