Isocyanurate bridging periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMO-ICS) was shown to be a highly active and efficient recyclable catalyst for three-component synthesis of imidazole derivatives from benzoin, different aldehydes and ammonium acetate under mild reaction conditions in short reaction times and good to excellent yields in EtOH. Also, benzimidazole derivatives were efficiently prepared from o-phenylenediamine and different aldehydes in the presence of PMO-ICS. Moreover, the catalyst was also recovered and reused at least four times without significant decrease in its reactivity. The PMO-ICS catalyst was characterizred by Fourier transformer infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetry analysis (TGA), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and nitrogen adsorption–desorption isotherms (NADI) techniques as well as scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM).
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Periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMO-ICS): a highly efficient nanocatalyst for the one-pot multicomponent reactions
Published: 30 October 2015 by MDPI in The 19th International Electronic Conference on Synthetic Organic Chemistry session General Organic Synthesis
Keywords: Green chemistry, Heterogeneous catalyst, Periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMO), Multicomponent reactions, Imidazoles.