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Computational Models of the Brain
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1  Department of Information and Communications Technologies, University of A Coruña, A Coruña, 15071, Spain
2  Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de A Coruña (INIBIC), Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de A Coruña (CHUAC), A Coruña, 15006, Spain


Different research projects around the world are trying to emulate the human brain. They employ diverse types of computational models: digital models, analog models and hybrid models. This communication includes a summary of some main projects, as well as future trends in this subject. It is focused on various works that look for advanced progress in Neuroscience and still others which seek new discoveries in Computer Science (neuromorphic hardware, machine learning techniques). In addition, given the proven importance of glial cells in information processing, the importance of considering astrocytes into the brain computational models is pointed out.

Keywords: brain emulation, neuromorphic chip; neuron-astrocyte computational models, brain computational models